Terms in this set (45)
Treaty of Versailles
Ended World War by punishing Germany and creating conditions that resulted in the rise of dictators.
A political system in which the government has total control over the lives of individual citizens.
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for the return traditional values.
Fascist Dictator of Italy.
Fascist Dictator of Germany who caused WWII and the Holocaust.
Political party founded in Germany after WWI and brought to power by Hitler in the 1930s.
Fascist leader of the Spanish revolution, helped by Hitler and Mussolini.
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for government control of economics.
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union.
British Prime Minister who appeased Adolf Hitler at the Munich Conference
European leaders turned over land to Hitler in exchange for peace.
Giving in to an aggressor to keep peace.
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939.
A policy of supporting neither side in a war.
Fate of the St. Louis
Steamship carrying Jewish refugees, that was denied entrance into the US and forced to return to Europe.
Lend Lease Act
Allowed sales/loans of war materials to any country was vital to the defense of the U.S.
Secret agreement between Hitler and Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland.
Hawaiian based bombed by Japan on December 7, 1941, resulting in America's entrance into the war.
Japanese Internment Camps
Forcible relocation of approximately Japanese Americans to housing facilities following the attack.
Women's Auxiliary Corp established during WWII so that women could serve in non-combat roles.
Office of Price Administration controlled domestic economics throughout WWII.
War Production Board decided which companies would convert from peacetime to wartime production.
Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during WWII.
Alliance of Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France during WWII.
General Dwight Eisenhower
Supreme Commander of the Western Allies in the European Theater.
European Theater of War
Refers to fighting against Germany and Italy.
Battle of Stalingrad
Year long battle in which German forces were defeated in their attempt to capture Stalingrad in the USSR. A turning point in the European Theater.
North African Invasion
Allies used North Africa as a staging area and Southern Front.
Allied invasion of Normandy, France on June 6th, 1944. A turning point in the European Theater.
Battle of the Bulge
Last major German offensive of WWII during the winter of 1944-1945.
Victory in Europe when the Germans surrendered, in May of 1945.
Nazi plan to exterminate the Non-Aryans (Jews, Polish, Gypsies, Handicapped, Homosexuals).
Mass murder of Jews (6 Million) and other Non-Aryans during the Nazi Regime.
Trials of the Nazi leaders, showed that people are responsible for their actions, even in wartime.
Commander Douglas MacArthur
Supreme Commander of Allied forces in the Pacific Theater.
Pacific Theater of War
Refers to fighting against Japan.
WWII strategy of conquering certain Pacific islands that were important to the Allied advance toward Japan.
Battle of Midway
Battle between the United States and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific Theater.
Battle of Iwo Jima
Six week battle in which more than 20,000 Japanese soldiers were killed. Also notable for the famous photograph of US marines lifting the American flag.
Battle of Peleliu
"Operation Stalemate" battle of US and Japan in pacific to capture the island. Eventual American victory though extreme losses were suffered.
Japanese pilot who undertook a suicide mission under the "Divine Wind" inspiration.
Secret U.S. project for the construction of the atomic bomb.
American scientist in charge of atomic bomb project.
Harry S. Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Two Japanese cities where the U.S. dropped the atomic bombs to end World War II.