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12 terms

U.S. History Second Exam Review: The U.S. in WWII

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Manhattan Project
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Office of Price Administration
Instituted in 1942, this agency was in charge of stabilizing prices and rents and preventing speculation, profiteering, hoarding and price administration. The OPA froze wages and prices and initiated a rationing program for items such as gas, oil, butter, meat, sugar, coffee and shoes in order to support the war effort and prevent inflation.
Battle of Stalingrad
a 1942-1943 battle of World War II, in which German forces were defeated in their attempt to capture the city of Stalingrad in the Soviet Union thanks to harsh winter --> turning point of war in Eastern Europe
Dwight D. Eisenhower
He was the U. S. general who led the attack in North Africa in Nov. of 1942.He was the master organizer of the D-Day invasion in Europe (June 6, 1944). He ran for the Republican ticket in the 1952 and the1956 elections and won. He was very well liked by the public.
D-Day
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Battle of the Bulge
World War II battle in which German forces launched a final counterattack in the west
V-E Day
Victory in Europe Day on May 8th, 1945 celebrated the official defeat of the Nazis and end of WWII in Europe.
Douglas MacArthur
American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.
George Patton
U.S. army general who directed the campaign in North Africa, led the Third Army out of Normandy and assisted with the Battle of the Bulge in WW II
Nuremberg War Trials
governmental org. and NGOs focus on human rights, these trials were full of national judgement as to whether Nazi crimes were crimes against humanity. (shows common values in societies across world)
GI Bill of Rights
Also known as Serviceman's Readjustment Act of 1944 gave money to veterans to study in colleges, universities, gave medical treatment, loans to buy a house or farm or start a new business
Selective Service Act
This 1917 law provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft. By the end of WWI, 24.2 had registered; 2.8 had been inducted into the army. Age limit was later changed to 18 to 45.