Chapter 13 - Presidency Multiple Choice & Vocab
Terms in this set (34)
Which article of the Constitution establishes the presidency?
a) Article I
b) Article II
c) Article III
d) none of the above
Which of the following is not an expressed power of the president?
a) granting pardons
b) declaring war
c) nominating judges
d) making treaties
Which of the following war powers does the Constitution not assign to the president?
a) command of the army and navy of the United
b) the power to declare war
c) command of the state militias
d) The Constitution assigns all of the powers
above to the president.
The War Powers Resolution of 1973 was an act passed by Congress that...
a) outlawed presidential use of executive
b) created the National Security Council.
c) granted the president the authority to
d) stipulated military forces must be withdrawn
within sixty days in the absence of a specific congressional authorization for their continued deployment.
Which of the following does not require the advice and consent of the Senate?
a) an executive agreement
b) a treaty
c) Supreme Court nominations
d) All of the above require the advice and consent of
What did the Supreme Court rule in U.S. v. Nixon? (p. 492)
a) Nixon had to turn his secret White House tapes over to congressional investigators because presidents do not have the power of executive privilege.
b) Nixon did not have to turn his secret White House tapes over to congressional investigators because, in general, presidents have the power of executive privilege.
c) Nixon had to turn his secret White House tapes over to congressional investigators but, in general, presidents have the power of executive privilege.
d) Nixon did not have to turn his secret White House tapes over to congressional investigators but, in general, presidents do not have the power of executive privilege.
What are the requirements for overriding a presidential veto?
a) fifty percent plus one vote in both houses of
b) two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress
c) three-fourths vote in both houses of Congress
d) a presidential veto cannot be overridden by
When the president issues a rule or regulation
that reorganizes or otherwise directs the affairs of the executive branch, such as the directives that established the Executive Office of the President and the Environmental Protection Agency, it is called...
a) an executive order.
b) an executive mandate.
c) administrative oversight.
d) legislative initiative.
Which of the following statements about vice presidents is not true?
a) The vice president succeeds the president in case
of death, resignation, or incapacitation.
b) The vice president casts the tie-breaking vote in the
Senate when necessary.
c) Twelve vice presidents have had to replace presi-
dents who died in office during American history.
d) Presidential candidates typically select a vice presidential candidate who is likely to bring the support a state that would not otherwise support the ticket.
The Office of Management and Budget is part of...
a) the Executive Office of the President.
b) the White House staff.
c) the Kitchen Cabinet.
d) both a and b.
How many people work for agencies within the Executive Office of the President?
a) 25 to 50
b) 700 to 1,000
c) 1,500 to 2,000
d) 4,500 to 5,000
What are the three ways that presidents can expand their power?
a) weakening national partisan institutions, avoiding
popular appeals, and loosening their control of
b) strengthening national partisan institutions, using
popular appeals, and bolstering their control of
c) weakening national partisan institutions, using
popular appeals, and loosening their control of executive agencies
d) strengthening national partisan institutions, avoid- ing popular appeals, and bolstering their control of executive agencies
The Supreme Court case Youngstown Co. v. Sawyer was significant because...
a) it showed that the courts would never invalidate
an executive order.
b) it showed that the courts would invalidate executive orders that have no statutory or constitutional
c) it asserted that pocket vetoes were
d) it struck down the Budget and Impoundment
When the president makes an announcement about his interpretation of a congressional enactment that he is signing into law, it is called...
a) a signing statement.
b) an executive order.
c) legislative initiative.
d) executive privilege.
Which of the following best describes presidential and congressional power since the New Deal?
a) The power of the president over the federal budget
has increased but Congress has become more powerful than the president on national security issues.
b) The power of the president over national security issues has increased but Congress has become more powerful than the president on budgetary issues.
c) The power of the president over the federal budget and national defense has grown while the power of Congress over these areas has declined.
d) The power of the president over the federal budget and national defense has declined while the power of Congress over these areas has grown.
secretaries or chief administrators of the major departments of the US government; appointed by the president with senate's consent
a normally closed meeting of a political or legislative group to plan strategies, select candidates, or make decisions about legislative matters
Commander in chief
the president's role as commander of the national military and state nation guard units, when called into service
constitutional powers that are assigned to one government agency but exercised by another, with the express approval of the first agency
an agreement that has the force of a treaty but doesn't require the senate's "advice and consent"
Executive Office of the President (EOP)
the permanent agencies that perform defined management tasks for the president (including Office of Management and Budget, Council of Economic Advisors, National Security Council, etc)
a rule issued by the president that has the formal status and effect of legislation
the claim that confidential communications between prez & close advisors can't be revealed without prez's consent
specific powers that the constitution grants to the president and to congress
powers claimed by the president that aren't explicitly stated in the constitution, but are inferred by the constitution
and informal group of people that the president goes to for counsel and guidance; may or may not also be members of the official cabinet
the president's inherent power to bring a legislative agenda before congress
a claim by a winning candidate that the electorate has given them permission to carry out promises that were made during their campaign
National Security Council (NSC)
presidential foreign-policy advisory council that consists of the president, vice president, sec. of state, defense, and other people that the prez invites
a presidential veto that is automatically triggered if a president doesn't act on a piece of legislation passed during the final 10 days of a legislative session
announcements made by the president when signing a bill into law; often containing the president's interpretation of the law
the president's power to turn down acts of congress; the veto can be overridden with a 2/3 vote from each house of congress
War powers resolution
the ability for the president to send troops into action abroad only by the authorization of congress, or if American troops are already under attack or serious threat
White House staff
analysts and advisers to the president; often given the title "special assistant"
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