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Terms in this set (13)
A style of music in which 3 chords are played in a particular progression over 12 bars, repeated
12-bar blues chord progression
I I I I
IV IV I I
V IV I I (or V if repeated)
Chord 1, built on the 1st scale degree (tonic)
Chord 4, built on the 4th scale degree (sub-dominant)
Chord 5, built on the 5th scale degree (dominant)
A rhythmic feature of the blues - accenting the off beats
Walking bass line
A bass line that has a continuous crotchet rhythm, using chordal (and passing) notes in ascending and descending patterns throughout the chord progression
Short phrases or improvisations played usually at the end of each melody line in a call and response fashion
Call and Response
A compositional structure whereby an initial melodic or rhythmic phrase is answered by another
7th chord (Seventh chord)
A chord comprising of the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th degrees of a scale (dominant 7th chord flattens the 7th degree from the major scale)
Spontaneously creating a melody over a given chord progression rather than playing a what is already composed or arranged.
A progression of chords used to lead the ear back to the tonic - used in the last bar of the 12-bar blues structure - usually chord ii to chord V
Swing rhythm / shuffle rhythm
A rhythm where quavers are interpreted as a crotchet-quaver triplet rather than as even 8ths.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
MC1301 EXAM 3 CHAPTER 11
A Level Music Terminology
Chapter 8 The Growing Rock Monster
Haydn - Symphony 104 mov 2
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