Earthquake; liquid area that surrounds Earth's center
Plate; a crack in Earth's crust between two plates where movement has occurred
Fault; a large section of Earth's crust and upper mantle
Epicenter; the solid area at Earth's center
Focus; the thickest layer of Earth
Inner core; the point where earthquake waves hit Earth's surface
Outer core; the cycle of movement of cool dense magma and hot less dense magma in the plastic-like layer of the mantle just below Earth's
Mantle; the exact spot insid…
the shaking of Earth produced by a fast release of energy.
A large section of Earth's Crust and upper mantle.
a crack in Earth's crust between two plates where movement has occurred.
the point where earthquake waves hit Earth's surface.
the exact spot inside Earth where an earthquake starts.
the solid ara at Earth's center.
the cycle of movement of cool, dense magma, and hot less dense magma in the plastic-like layer of the mantle, just below Earth's crust.
the thickest layer of Earth.
a place in the world where hot, liquid magma from below the crust breaks through and flows onto the ground.
This happens when magma oozes onto the ocean floor along mid ocean ridges and cools, forming new crust and pushing plates apart.
Evidence for this includes: 1. The way the continents appear to fit together like the pieces of a puzzle. 2. Similar fossils are found on different Continents. 3. There is climatological evidence. 4. Rocks on different continents are similar.
the process that gradually changes water, from a liquid to water vapor
the process that changes water from water vapor to liquid
water that falls on Earth as rain, snow, or sleet.
Water that flows over the ground surface and eventually flows into streams, oceans, or lakes.
water that soaks into the ground and collects in the small spaces between bits of soil and rocks.
process through which a river deposits sediments.
Liquid area that surroundsEarth's center.
wide bends in a stream.
• a measure of the saltinesss* of ocean water.
a mass of water moving in one direction
Some facts about this include: Ships pollute the oceans by dumping waste. People pollute by littering, damaging estuaries Properly disposing of toxic materials such as motor oil will help prevent ocean pollution. Some results of this include: destruction of beaches and animal habitats killing of fish and birds making people sick at the beach
The constant movement of water between Earth's surface and the atmosphere.
pieces of rocks, plants, and animal matter, or dissolved minerals carried in the runnoff
- caused by movement of Earth's crust - rapid release of energy - happen most often on fault lines - fault, focus, epicenter and P and S waves are the key words - sign that Earth is active and moving - often occur in area known as Pacific Ring of Fire
- caused by sudden flow of magma from beneath Earth's crust - sudden release of pressure - cinder-cone, shield and composite are three types of volcanoes - sign that Earth is active and moving - most are in area known as Pacific Ring of Fire