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Woodrow Wilson

28th President of the United States, led the United States in World War I and secured the formation of the League of Nations (1856-1924)

Franklin D. Roosevelt

32nd US President - He began New Deal programs to help the nation out of the Great Depression, and he was the nation's leader during most of WWII and suffered from polio

John Scopes

Teacher was charged with violating laws prohibiting the teaching of evolution in Tennessee schools.

Louis Armstrong

Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.

Babe Ruth

The greatest baseball player of the 1920's. He set a record for hitting 60 home runs in one season. He played for the yankees. He helped developed a rising popularity for professional sports

W.E.B. Dubois

He believed that African Americans should strive for full rights immediately. He helped found the Niagara Movement in 1905 to fight for equal rights. He also helped found the NAACP.

Sacco & Vanzetti

Two Italian men that were accused of robbing a bank and murder; Anarchists; heighted American fear of foreigners; executed with hardly any proof because of their nationality and political beliefs

Adolph Hitler

A fervent anticommunist and admirer of Mussolini. He fought for Germany in WW. Became a leader and killed millions of Jews

Douglas Macarthur

United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II. he accepted the surrender of Japan (1880-1964)


Martin Luther King Jr. was well educated and became a Reverend and a doctor. He preached to a small church in Alabama and believed in non-violent civil disobedience. MLK was a large part of the civil rights movement but was assassinated by James Earl Ray in Memphis.

Thurgood Marshall

American civil rights lawyer, first black justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. Marshall was a tireless advocate for the rights of minorities and the poor.

Herber Hoover

1928-1932; President during the stock market crash and the start of the Great Depression, started many government work programs that FDR got credit for

Ngo Dinh Diem

Leader of South Vietnam. Fiercely anti- communist.

Al Capone

A mob king in Chicago who controlled a large network of speakeasies with enormous profits. His illegal activities convey the failure of prohibition in the twenties and the problems with gangs.

Charles Lindberg

American hero who was the first to fly solo from New York to Paris


Women who abandoned dress and conduct codes of the past; these rebellious girls became the symbol of the Roaring Twenties; shocked their elders with short skits, slang, new dances, heavy makeup, and drinking or smoking in public

Booker T. Washington

Prominent black American, born into slavery, who believed that racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skills and proved their economic value to society, was head of the Tuskegee Institute in 1881. His book "Up from Slavery."


The Ku Klux Klan started right after the Civil War in 1866. The Southern establishment took charge by passing discriminatory laws known as the black codes. Gives whites almost unlimited power. They masked themselves and burned black churches, schools, and terrorized black people. They are anti-black and anti-Semitic.

Henry Ford

1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.

Winston Churchill

A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.

Dwight Eisenhower

United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany.34th President of the United States (1890-1961)

Harry S. Truman

The 33rd U.S. president, who succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt upon Roosevelt's death in April 1945. Truman, who led the country through the last few months of World War II, is best known for making the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945. After the war, Truman was crucial in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, which greatly accelerated Western Europe's economic recovery.

Rosa Parks

United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)

A. Mitchell Palmer

Was Attorney General of the United States from 1919 to 1921. He was nicknamed The Fighting Quaker and he directed the controversial Palmer Raids.

Ho Chi Minh

1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used geurilla warfare to fight anti-comunist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war and made it unwinnable


Policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war


A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country


Government control over every aspect of public and private life


A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.


A formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular aim


The state of not taking sides, especially in a war or dispute


Payments for war damage, that Germany was forced to pay

Trench Warfare

War from inside trenches enemies would try killing each other with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas, WWI


The period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by a constitutional amendment 18


The act of making of transporting alcoholic liquor for sale illegally

Rugged Individualism

The belief that all individuals, or nearly all individuals, can succeed on their own and that government help for people should be minimal. supported by Hertbert Hoover.


Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause


Forced relocation and confinement of Japanese-Americans to concentration camps WWII


"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939


The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.

Cold War

A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted eachother on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.

Civil Disobedience

A group's refusal to obey a law because they believe the law is immoral (as in protest against discrimination)


The residential, middle class, district located on the outskirts of a city in the 1950s


President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces

Domino Theory

The political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control

Espionage and sedition act

Spying to acquire govt. information

War industries board

This government agency oversaw the production of all American factories. It determined priorities, allocated raw materials, and fixed prices; it told manufacturers what they could and could not produce.


A war between the Allies and Central powers, it was mainly fought in Europe. The Ottoman Empire was on the Central powers, they lost and the empire was split up. M.A.I.N Military, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism

Treaty of Versailles

The treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans

19th Amendment

Women's right to vote

Wilsons 14 points

Plan for world peace, divided into 3 parts, 1-5=issues addressed to avoid war, 6-14 dealt with boundery changes, rejected by allies

Uneven distribution of income

-5% of the population received 30% of the total income
-low wages for industrial workers and farmers
-one-half country lived below poverty line
One of the causes of the great depression

24th Amendment

Eliminated the poll tax as a voting requirement


Act passed in March 1941 which allowed the US to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation considered "vital to the defense of the US


Helped people find money after the great depression and protected money in the banks and social security. helped recover from the great depression

Atlantic Charter

1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII and to work for peace after the war


The organized killing of European Jews and others by the Nazis during WWII

Pearl Harbor

United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.


Began when Germany invaded Poland in 1934; US became in WWII when Pearl Harbor was bombed by Japan in 1941

Manhattan Project

Code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II

United Nations

An organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security


Towns in which houses were built on an assembly line. The houses were cheap and all families could afford them.

Brown Decision

"Separate but equal" in public school education is inherently unequal; thus, school segregation is unconstitutional. 1954

Civil Rights Act 1964

This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.

Tet Offensive

1968 attack by Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces on South Vietnam


British passanger ship that was torpedoed by a German U-boat in 1915; 1200 people died and 128 Americans died.

Southern manifesto

Civil rights, white leaders not wanting to be integrated with african americans.

Black Tuesday

October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed, this marked the start of the great depression.


Camps built outside of major cities by people who had lost their homes during the great depression called hoovervilles because the people blamed pre. hoover for their situation

Neutrality acts

4 laws passed in the late 1930s that were designed to keep the US out of international incidents. Pre WWI

Fireside Chats

Informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people

Unrestricted Sub Warfare

German policy of sinking merchant ships without warning - one of the reasons why the U.S. declared war against Germany in WWI

Truman Doctrine

President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology

Vietnam War

A prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States

Little Rock Crisis

1957 - Governor Faubus sent the Arkansas National Guard to prevent nine Black students from entering Little Rock Central High School. Eisenhower sent in U.S. paratroopers to ensure the students could attend class.

[TIMELINE] Korean War


[TIMELINE] Bank Holidays

Great Depression

[TIMELINE] Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

The Vietnam War

[TIMELINE] Montgomery Bus Boycot

Civil Rights

[TIMELINE] Volstead Act


[TIMELINE] Battle of the Bulge


[TIMELINE] Battle of Verdun

WWI Largest # of people involved

[TIMELINE] Social Security Act

Great Depression

[TIMELINE] Alvin York




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