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scientific inquiry

The ongoing process of discovery in science; the diverse ways in which scientist study the natural world and propose explanations based on evidence they gather.


proposed explanation or answer to a scientific explanation


a factor that changes in an experiment in order to test a hypothesis

controlled experiment

a test of the effect of a single variable by changing it while keeping all other variables the same

manipulated variable

factor in an experiment that a scientist purposely changes; also known as independent variable

responding variable

factor in an experiment that a scientist wants to observe, which may change in response to the manipulated variable; also known as a dependent variable

operational definition

a statement that describes how to measure a particular variable


facts, figures, and other evidence gathered through observations


the sharing of ideas and experimental findings with others through writing, or speaking


the practical application of science to commerce or industry


A person who is trained to use both technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems.

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