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World History: India

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Quit India Campaign
Refusing to support the colonial British government's involvement in World War II by the National Congress Party.
Sepoy
An Indian soldier serving under British command.
Raj
the British-controlled portions of India in the years 1757-1947
Rajiv Gandhi
was the 7th Prime Minister of India; He also was responsible for sending Indian troops for peace efforts in Sri Lanka
Indian National Congress
A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K. Gandhi, appealing to the poor.
Benazir Bhutto
became prime minister of Pakistan in 1988. Heir to the political legacy of her father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (prime minister from 1971 to 1977), she was the first woman in modern times to head the government of an Islamic state.
Queen Victoria
queen of Great Britain and Ireland and empress of India from 1837 to 1901 (1819-1901)
Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms
Indians given control over health education and agriculture. British would control finance and law and order
Salt March
passive resistance campaign of Mohandas Gandhi where many Indians protested the British tax on salt by marching to the sea to make their own salt.
General Dyer
British general that commanded his troops to open fire at the mass of protestors gathered at Amritsar
Amritsar Massacre
To protest the Rowlatt Act, Indians gathered in Amritsar, where British troops fired on the crowd killing several hundred. This sparked further protests
Robert Clive
This man was a British soldier who established the military and political supremacy of the East India Company in Southern India and Bengal. He is credited with securing India, and the wealth that followed, for the British crown.
Muslim League
Organization formed by Indian Muslims in 1906 to protect their interests against British rule
Viceroy
a governor who ruled as a representative of a monarch
Kasturba Gandhi
wife of Mohandas Gandhi
Bangladesh
Founded as an independent nation in 1972; formerly East Pakistan.
Rowlatt Act
Passed in 1919, this allowed the British ruling government to jail any protester without trial for a maximum of two years.
Mohandas Gandhi
A philosopher from India, this man was a spiritual and moral leader favoring India's independence from Great Britain. He practiced passive resistance, civil disobedience and boycotts to generate social and political change.
Homespun
Word that refers to the clothing Indians made for themselves as opposed to buying it from the British - a way of showing their patriotism
Jawaharlal Nehru
Indian statesman. He succeeded Mohandas K. Gandhi as leader of the Indian National Congress. He negotiated the end of British colonial rule in India and became India's first prime minister (1947-1964).
Pakistan
a nation in southern Asia; created by the division of India in 1947
Indira Gandhi
daughter of Nehru who served as prime minister of India from 1966 to 1977 (1917-1984)
Green Revolution
the introduction of pesticides and high-yield grains and better management during the 1960s and 1970s which greatly increased agricultural productivity
Satyagrapha
Civil disobediance that Gahndi followed.