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Prologue (The Story of Psychology) - Multiple-Choice Questions: Progress Test 1

Psychology - David G. Myers
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In the earliest days, psychology was defined as the
a. science of mental life.
Who would most likely agree with the statement, "Psychology should investigate only behaviors that can observed"?
c. John B. Watson
Today, psychology is defined as the
d. science of behavior and mental processes.
Who introduced the early school of structuralism?
a. Edward Titchener
Who wrote the early textbook Principles of Psychology?
d. William James
Psychologists who study the degree to which genes influence our personality are working from the _____ perspective.
c. behavior genetics
Which of the following exemplifies the issue of the relative importance of nature and nurture on our behavior?
a. the issue of the relative influence of biology and experience on behavior
The seventeenth-century philosopher who believed that the mind is blank at birth and that most knowledge comes through sensory experience is
d. Locke
Which seventeenth-century philosopher believed that some ideas are innate?
c. Descartes
Which psychological perspective emphasizes the interaction of the brain and body in behavior?
a. neuroscience
A psychologist who explores how Asian and North American definitions of attractiveness differ is working from the _____ perspective.
d. social-cultural
A psychologist who conducts experiments solely intended to build psychology's knowledge base is engaged is
a. basic research
Psychologists who study, asses, and treat troubled people are called
c. clinical psychologists
Today, psychology is a discipline that
a. connects with a diversity of other fields
(Close-up) In order, the sequence of steps in the SQ3R method is
d. survey, question, read, review, reflect
Psychologists who study how brain activity is linked to memory, perception, and other thought processes are called
d. cognitive neuroscientists.
nueroscience perspective
f. how the body and brain create emotions, memories, and sensations.
social-cultural perspective
b. how people differ as products of different environments
psychiatry
p. the medical treatment of psychological disorders
clinical psychology
j. the study, assessment, and treatment of troubled people
behavior genetics perspective
o. how much genes and environment contribute to individual differences
behavioral perspective
e. the mechanisms by which observable responses are acquired and changed
industrial/organizational psychology
a. behavior in the workplace
cognitive perspective
g. how we encode, process, store, and retrieve information
basic research
m. adds to psychology's knowledge base
applied research
c. the study of practical problems
evolutionary perspective
I. how natural selection favors traits that promote the perpetuation of one's genes
psychodynamic perspective
L. the disguised effects of unfilled wishes and childhood traumas
structuralism
d. an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the contents of the mind
functionalism
n. an early school of psychology that focused on the adaptive value of thoughts and behaviors
behaviorism
h. the view that psychology should be an objective science that avoids reference to mental processes
cognitive neuroscience
k. brain activity linked with perception, thinking, memory, and language