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Prologue (The Story of Psychology) - Multiple-Choice Questions: Progress Test 1
Psychology - David G. Myers
In the earliest days, psychology was defined as the
a. science of mental life.
Who would most likely agree with the statement, "Psychology should investigate only behaviors that can observed"?
c. John B. Watson
Today, psychology is defined as the
d. science of behavior and mental processes.
Who introduced the early school of structuralism?
a. Edward Titchener
Who wrote the early textbook Principles of Psychology?
d. William James
Psychologists who study the degree to which genes influence our personality are working from the _____ perspective.
c. behavior genetics
Which of the following exemplifies the issue of the relative importance of nature and nurture on our behavior?
a. the issue of the relative influence of biology and experience on behavior
The seventeenth-century philosopher who believed that the mind is blank at birth and that most knowledge comes through sensory experience is
Which seventeenth-century philosopher believed that some ideas are innate?
Which psychological perspective emphasizes the interaction of the brain and body in behavior?
A psychologist who explores how Asian and North American definitions of attractiveness differ is working from the _____ perspective.
A psychologist who conducts experiments solely intended to build psychology's knowledge base is engaged is
a. basic research
Psychologists who study, asses, and treat troubled people are called
c. clinical psychologists
Today, psychology is a discipline that
a. connects with a diversity of other fields
(Close-up) In order, the sequence of steps in the SQ3R method is
d. survey, question, read, review, reflect
Psychologists who study how brain activity is linked to memory, perception, and other thought processes are called
d. cognitive neuroscientists.
f. how the body and brain create emotions, memories, and sensations.
b. how people differ as products of different environments
p. the medical treatment of psychological disorders
j. the study, assessment, and treatment of troubled people
behavior genetics perspective
o. how much genes and environment contribute to individual differences
e. the mechanisms by which observable responses are acquired and changed
a. behavior in the workplace
g. how we encode, process, store, and retrieve information
m. adds to psychology's knowledge base
c. the study of practical problems
I. how natural selection favors traits that promote the perpetuation of one's genes
L. the disguised effects of unfilled wishes and childhood traumas
d. an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the contents of the mind
n. an early school of psychology that focused on the adaptive value of thoughts and behaviors
h. the view that psychology should be an objective science that avoids reference to mental processes
k. brain activity linked with perception, thinking, memory, and language