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31 terms

Health Test #2

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The seven dimensions of wellness
Physical, emotional, mental, social, environmental, occupational, and spiritual
Health related fitness
cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance, muscular flexibility, and body composition
Skill related fitness
Agility, balance, speed, coordination, reaction time, speed, power
Health fitness standard
the standard of minimum fitness to stay healthy
Physical fitness standard
the ability to do moderate amounts of physical/recreational activities without undue fatigue
Exercise
the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit
Locus of control
A belief about the amount of control a person has over situations in their life.
Transtheoretical model
1. Precontemplation stage 2. Contemplation stage 3. Preparation stage 4. Action stage 5. Maintenance stage 6. Termination stage
Stroke volume
the volume of blood pumped out by a ventricle with each heartbeat
Cardiac
pertaining to the heart
VO2Max
the maximum amount of oxygen that can be supplied at any instant in an individual
Principals of training
overload, progression, specificity
Overload
Frequency, intensity, type, time
METs
metabolic equivalents
Hypokinetic disease
The lack of or little physical activity is a condition known as...
Alveoli
tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gases between air and blood
Hemoglobin
iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen for delivery to cells
Resting heart rate
the number of times your heart beats in one minute when you are not active
Cardiac output
the amount of blood pumped out by the ventricles in a given period of time
Workload
work that a person is expected to do in a specified time
Recovery time
amount of time the body takes to return to resting levels after exercise.
Responders
individuals who exhibit improvements in fitness as a result of exercise training
Principle of individuality
The corollary of the overload principle that indicates that overload provides unique benefits to each individual based on the unique characteristics of that person.
Maximal heart rate
the highest heart rate a person can attain
Arterial-venous oxygen difference
The amount of oxygen removed from the blood as determined by the difference in oxygen content between arterial and venous blood.
Bradycardia
abnormally slow heartbeat
Sphygmomanometer
a pressure gauge for measuring blood pressure
Systolic blood pressure
highest blood pressure per heartbeat
Diastolic blood pressure
The blood pressure during relaxation of the ventricles
Heart rate reserve
The difference between maximum heart rate and resting heart rate
FITT
Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type