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The seven dimensions of wellness

Physical, emotional, mental, social, environmental, occupational, and spiritual

Health related fitness

cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance, muscular flexibility, and body composition

Skill related fitness

Agility, balance, speed, coordination, reaction time, speed, power

Health fitness standard

the standard of minimum fitness to stay healthy

Physical fitness standard

the ability to do moderate amounts of physical/recreational activities without undue fatigue


the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit

Locus of control

A belief about the amount of control a person has over situations in their life.

Transtheoretical model

1. Precontemplation stage 2. Contemplation stage 3. Preparation stage 4. Action stage 5. Maintenance stage 6. Termination stage

Stroke volume

the volume of blood pumped out by a ventricle with each heartbeat


pertaining to the heart


the maximum amount of oxygen that can be supplied at any instant in an individual

Principals of training

overload, progression, specificity


Frequency, intensity, type, time


metabolic equivalents

Hypokinetic disease

The lack of or little physical activity is a condition known as...


tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gases between air and blood


iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen for delivery to cells

Resting heart rate

the number of times your heart beats in one minute when you are not active

Cardiac output

the amount of blood pumped out by the ventricles in a given period of time


work that a person is expected to do in a specified time

Recovery time

amount of time the body takes to return to resting levels after exercise.


individuals who exhibit improvements in fitness as a result of exercise training

Principle of individuality

The corollary of the overload principle that indicates that overload provides unique benefits to each individual based on the unique characteristics of that person.

Maximal heart rate

the highest heart rate a person can attain

Arterial-venous oxygen difference

The amount of oxygen removed from the blood as determined by the difference in oxygen content between arterial and venous blood.


abnormally slow heartbeat


a pressure gauge for measuring blood pressure

Systolic blood pressure

highest blood pressure per heartbeat

Diastolic blood pressure

The blood pressure during relaxation of the ventricles

Heart rate reserve

The difference between maximum heart rate and resting heart rate


Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type

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