23 terms

The Africas

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Sahel
sparse area of unpredictable rain
Ghana
Early empire, large islamic population
Kalhari and Namib
Deserts in Southern Africa
Jungle
Excess plant growth in a tropical rain forest climate
Matrilineal
Ancestry traced through mothers
Patrilineal
ancestry traced through fathers
Gold and Salt
The two most important trade resources of Western Africa (Sahara contains the salt)
Oral Traditions
poems, songs, stories, passed verbally through generations
Berber Tribes
traveled through the desert with camels, North African groups who moved into areas of Spain
Sahara
Desert located to the North of Africa
Al-Bakri
A muslim geographer who wrote about the court of Ghana
Sundiata
The first leader of Mali who put able admin. in finances, defense and foreign affairs. Also promoted trade + reestab. gold/salt trade, Mali's first great leader, he came to power after crushing a cruel, unpopular leader.
Mali
a landlocked republic in northwestern Africa
Niani
capital of empire of Mali, established by Sundiata; became an important center of commerce and trade
Ibn Batuta
arabic traveler who described african societies and cultures in his travel records
Songhai
a West African empire that conquered Mali and controlled trade from the 1400s to 1591
Sunni Ali
A Songhai ruler who used military conquest
Great Zimbabwe
Shona ppl estab., became gold trade built empire, near important trade linking gold fields with sofala
Aksum
on trade routes from Red Sea in Egypt and Inner Africa, as Kush declined competition for trade routes
King Ezana
Axumite ruler, invaded and conquered Kush around A.D. 350; burned Meroe to the ground; made Christianity official religion of Aksum
Swahili
a Bantu language with Arabic words spoken along the East African coast
Kilwa
one of many trading cities on the East African coast
Kumbi
Ghana origins, longest established trading village in Mauritania