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121 terms

Three Oaks 5th grade science 129-143

STUDY
PLAY
Electromagnet
is electricity to produce magnetism
Stamen and Pistol
the reproductive parts of a seed producing plant
Attract
North and South poles of a magnet
Two groups in the plant kingdom
Plants that produce seeds and plants that produce spores
Main parts of seed producing plant
Roots, flowers, stems, and leaves
Stem
supports, allows movement of water and nutrients
Roots
anchor plants, take water and minerals from the soil
Leaf
part of plant where photosynthesis takes place
Structural adaptation for an organism
a change in a physical part of the organism that helps meet life needs
Pollination
the process by which pollen is transferred from the stamen to the stigma
Photosynthesis
green plants use chlorophyll to produce food using carbon dioxide, water, nutrients, and sunlight
Sepals
small leaves that form the housing of the developing flower in seed producing plants
Sun's energy in the foodweb
the sun's energy cycles from producers to consumers and back into the nutrient pool through decomposers
Niche
the function that an organism performs in the food web of that community. Its job.
Within the community how are the organisms related to each other
Oranisms are dependent on each other to survive
Producers
What living things have the greatest amount of energy in a community
Behavioral adaptation
A change in the way an organism acts or performs to meet a life need
hygrometer
measures humidity
rain gauge
instrument a forecaster uses to determine the amount of rainfall
barometer
measures air pressure
habitat size
characteristic of a habitat that is dependent on the organisms needs
food, water,shelter, and space
what does the habitat provide for the organism
rainy
what weather conditions can be expected when a barometer is falling.
cold
what term describes the air near a cold ocean current
climate
what term describes the conditions for a very long time
weather
what term describes the conditions in the air for the movement
thermometer
what tool measures the amount of heat in the air
low pressure
what does the "L" on a weather map usually represent
weather vane
what tool measures wind direction
precipitation & temperature
what factors describe climate
anemometer
measures wind speed
wind
when high pressure air moves to low pressure area
weather vane
tool measures wind direction
Low pressure
"L" on a weather map represents
wind speed
an anemometer measures
Precipitation and temperature
factors that describe the climate
atmosphere
the layer of air around the Earth
wind
created when high pressure air moves to an area of low pressure
jet stream
term describing wind at high speeds 6-8 miles above the Earth
condense
when water goes from a vapor to a cloud
evaporate
what water does when it becomes vapor
precipitation
snow, rain, hail, and sleet
How do roots help the plant?
roots anchor the plants & take water & minerals from the soil
What is a structural adaptation for an organism?
A change in a physical part of the organism that helps the organism meets a life need.
In what part of the plant does photosynthesis take place?
leaf
How does photosynthesis work?
Green plants use chlorophyll to produce food using carbon dioxide, waer, nutrients, and sunlight.
What is pollination?
The process by which pollen is transferred from the stamen to the stigma.
What are sepals?
Small leaves that form the housing of the deveoping flower in seed producing plants.
How does the sun's energy cycle through a food web?
The sun's energy cycles from producers to consumers and back into the nutrient pool through decomposers.
What is a niche?
The function that an organism performs in the food web of that community.
Within a community how are the organisms related to eachother?
Organisms are dependent on eachother for survival.
In what type of living things do we find the greatest amount of energy in a community?
Producers
What is a behavorial adaptation?
A change in the way an organism acts or performs to meet a life need.
What does a hygrometer measure?
humidity
What is the instrument a forecaster uses do determine the amount of rainfall?
rain guage
What tool measures air pressure?
barometer
What characteristic of a habitat is dependent on the organism's needs?
the size of the habitat
What does the habitat provide for the organisms'?
it provides food, water, shelter, and space
What weather conditions can be expected when a barometer is falling?
rainy
What term describes the air near a cold ocean current?
cold
What term describes the conditions for a very long time?
climate
What term describes the conditions in the air for the moment?
weather
What tool measures the amount of heat in the air?
thermometer
What does an "L" on a weather map usually represent?
Low pressure
What tool measures wind direction?
weather vane
What factors describe climate?
precipertation & temperature
What does an anemometer measure?
wind speed
What is created when high pressure air moves to an area of low pressure?
wind
What is the layer of air around the Earth called?
atmosphere
What term describes wind at high speeds 6-8 miles above the Earth?
jet stream
What water does when it goes froma vapor to a cloud.
condense
What term describes what water does when it becomes water vapor?
evaporate
What word describes what snow, rain, hail, and sleet are?
precipertation
What is a fierce dark stormy cloud?
Cumulonimbus
What type of cloud is made of heavy, grey layers, and leads to precipertation?
Stratus
What type of cloud is wispy and high up?
Cirrus
Who studys weather and climate?
meteoroligist
What happens to the air the further you get from the planet?
it becomes less dense(the molecules spread out)
What is the amount os moisture in the air called?
humidity
What is the weight of the air called?
air pressure
What is the measure of the amount of heat energy in the air called?
temperature
What is the boundry between air masses of different temperature and humidity?
front
What is the puffy, cotton like, fair weather cloud called?
Cumulus
When does a lunar eclipse occur?
when the moon moves into the Earth's shadow
How often does the moon revolve around the Earth?
once every month
One revolution around the sun is equal to how many days...
365
What is a helpful type of graph that shows changes ina ir temperature?
line graph
Cold air has more or less air pressure?
more
What causes the phases of the moon
the position of the moon relative to the Earth ans the sun
What protects the Earth from the sun's damaging rays
atmosphere
What causes the Earth to experience seasons
axial tiltand the revolution around the sun
When does a solar eclipse occur
when the mooon moves between the sun and the Earth
Which planet is the fifth in order of its orbit around the sun
Jupiter
How many planets are in our solar system
9
What rocky satellite orbits the earth that has no atmosphere, no water, and no life
the moon
How big is the sun
about 110 times the size of the earth
What is earth's closet star
the sun
What characteristic do all four inner planets have in common
Rocky surface
What are the four inner planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
Which planet is the third in order of its orbit around the sun
Earth
How many planets revolve around the sun
nine
What phases are the five basic phases of the moon
new, cresent, gibbous, quarter, full moon
Who believed the sun was the center of our solar system
Copernicus and Galileo
Aristotle and Ptolemy believed what was the center of our solar system
the Earth
How does the Earth's atmosphere protect us
it blocks out the sun's damaging rays
How is the Earth different from the other inner planets
The Earth has large amounts of water and an oxygen rich atmosphere
What is a watershed
an area over which surface water flows to a single collection place
What are some natural resources found in Virginia
Arable land, coal, sand, forest, clean water and air
What is an area over which surface water flows to a single collection place
watershed
Which of these is a natural resource in houses, forests, or wood
Forest
How did NASA Apollo mission contribute to our understanding
it gave us information about the moon
What covers approximately half of Virginia`s land area?
The Chesapeake Bay
What are some minerals found in Virginia
coal, limestone, granite, sand and gravel
Name some water resources
ground water, lakes, reservoirs, rivers, bays, and the Atlantic Ocean
Name two watersheds in Virginia
Chesapeake Bay and Back Bay
Name three types of mineral resources found in Virginia
coal, limestone,granite, sand and gravel
Which water resource of Virginia is partly surrounded by land
Its bays
Which water resource of Virginia is its largest
Atlantic Ocean
What water is completely surrounded by land
A lake
What are widespread resources in Virginia
natural and cultivated forests
How does Virginia use its land for recreation
land is used for city and state parks