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physical features

The _____________ of India include the mountain ranges of Hindu Kush and the Himalayas. The two rivers are the Ganges and Indus. The Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal surround India.


Early cities in India grew from villages by 2500 B.C., and the Indus and ____________ valleys contained hundreds of cities.


The largest early cities of India were Mohenjo-Daro and _____________,nad each had at leat 35,000 people.

planned cities

The Indian civilization had _______________, which were built according to design. The design included streets that crossed each other in a neat grid. Along the streets were homes, shops and factories. These cities also had large public buildings used for religious and government functions.


The Harappan culture had a type of writing that used about ____________ pictographs.

modern day

Figures of animals such as bulls found by archaeologists in the city of Mohenjo-Daro suggest that the Harappan religion may have regarded certain animals holy. These are the same animals that ____________ India regards as holy.


Evidence uncovered by archaeologists suggest that Harappan people also worshiped _________, just as they do in modern day India.


Even though the Harappan cities spread across an area about twice the size of Texas, these cities shared a __________ design. This shows how quickly the culture spread.


The Harappans gained their wealth from ______________ and trade.


The Harappans traded timber, ivory and beads for tin, silver and woolen clothing with____________.


When the Aryans migrated to India, they brought a new _______ that was adopted by many Indian people.


Indian people called _____________ taught Aryans about city life.

caste system

The Aryans brought a society that was organized into two classes to India. This class system developed into what was later called the ___________________.


The Aryans' religion worshiped many nature deities, and they sacrificed animals in a sacred fire to them. This religion was called ______________, after the names of the Aryan priests.

Rig Veda

The Vedas are four collections of prayers and instructions for the Brahman religion. The most important of the collections is the _______________.


____________ is the modern name for the major religion of India that developed from Brahmanism.


Hindus worship many deities, and believe in one supreme _______ or life force.


The three most important deities of the Hindu religion are Brahma, the creator; ____________, the protector, and Shiva, the destroyer.


Hindus believe in _______________, which means each person has many lives.


In Hinduism, the consequences of a person's life, which determine his or her fate it the next life. This is called ________.


Hindus believe that each person connects with god by following their own __________ path.


______________ is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, a prince who gave up his wealth and position to understand the meaning of life.


Because he had spiritual knowledge, Siddhartha Gautama was called ___________ or "enlightened one".


In Buddhism, ______________ is a state of wisdom that breaks the cycle of reincarnations and ends suffering.


__________ is the collective teachings of the Buddha, often represented by a wheel.


____________ is an ancient religious tradition that is taught in health clubs today. It is part of the Indian Religious legacy.


In India today, four of five people are ____________, and their religion is spread across the world.


Every day, millions of people from other religions __________ and practice yoga.


The arts of India have strongly __________ the world, and can be seen in literature, art, sculpture and architecture.


India _____________ were among the most advanced in the world.

numeral system

Indian scholars invented the __________________ we use today. They also invented the decimal system and the symbol for zero.


One early Indian mathematician figured out the length of a ___________. He also estimated the value of pi.


Early Indian astronomers proved that the world was ________ by observing the lunar eclipse.

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