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26 terms

World History: India

Study the words for the final.
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Buddhism
a world religion or philosophy based on the teaching of the Buddha and holding that a state of enlightenment can be attained by suppressing worldly desire
Monsoon
rainy season in southern Asia when the southwestern monsoon blows, bringing heavy rains
Subcontinent
a large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent
Sanskrit
(Hinduism) an ancient language of India (the language of the Vedas and of Hinduism)
Siddhartha
founder of Buddhism
Caste
social status or position conferred by a system based on class
Vedas
Ancient Sanskrit writings that are the earliest sacred texts of Hinduism.
Untouchables
lowest class of people in the caste system of Hinduism, do all the dirty work of society
Dharma
the religious and moral duties of Hindus
Karma
In Hindu belief, all the actions that affect a person's fate in the next life
Reincarnation
a second or new birth
Brahma
the Creator
Vishnu
A Hindu god considered the preserver of the world
Shiva
the Destroyer
Buddha
the enlightened one
4 noble truths
1. life contains suffering 2. cause of suffering 3. suffering can be "cured" 4. follow "middle way" (Eightfold Path)
8 fold path
To reach Nirvana 1. right views, 2. intention, 3. speech, 4. actions, 5. living, 6. effort, 7. mindfulness, 8. concentration
Nirvana
a condition of great peace or happiness
Moguls
Muslim dynasty that ruled India in 16th-17th century.
Akbar
greatest Mughal leader of India
Taj Mahal
a tomb built by Shah Jahan for his wife
Passive resistance
peaceful resistance to a government by fasting or refusing to cooperate
Swaraj
self-rule
Sepoy Mutiny
an 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India
Sepoys
Indian soldiers in the British army
British rule in India
Indians had little power to govern themselves.