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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. theory-theory
  2. social mediation
  3. guided participation
  4. ZPD
  5. apprentice in thinking
  1. a the process by which people learn from others who guide their experiences and explorations
  2. b Vygotsky's term for a person whose cognition is stimulated and directed by older and more skilled members of society
  3. c "zone of proximan development"- a range of tasks too difficult for the child to do alone but possible with the help of adults and more skilled peers
  4. d the idea that children attempt to explain everything they see and hear by constructing theories (where baby's come from)
  5. e a function of speech by which a person's cognitive skills are refined and extended through both formal instruction and casual conversation.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child thinks that nothing changes. Whatever is now has always been and always will be
  2. 24 month (short sentences and limited vocab) 6 year old (understand and discuss almost anything)
  3. a time when a certain development must happen if it is ever to happen
  4. The process by which children map a word onto an underlying concept after only one exposure to the word.
  5. the principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects

5 True/False questions

  1. overregulizationThe tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.


  2. limitations of piaget's researchjust observing may have led him to underestimate what kids can do


  3. sensitive perioda limited developmental phase when certain behaviors can be learned


  4. the basic language learningexplosion
    extensive practice


  5. focus on appearanceThe process by which children map a word onto an underlying concept after only one exposure to the word.