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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. private speech
  2. contextual influences
  3. children as apprentices
  4. guided participation
  5. piaget
  1. a the internal dialogue that occurs when people talk to themselves (either silently or out loud)
  2. b the process by which people learn from others who guide their experiences and explorations
  3. c maturation of the brain's prefrontal cortex appears to be the reason for the age-related advance in children
  4. d cognitive development is embedded in a social context
    curious and observant
    ask questions
  5. e theorist that developed a series of stages in which an individual passes during cognitive development.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 24 month (short sentences and limited vocab) 6 year old (understand and discuss almost anything)
  2. theorist focused on the social world of people when explaining cognitive development.
  3. the idea that children attempt to explain everything they see and hear by constructing theories (where baby's come from)
  4. Occurs when grammatical rules are incorrectly generalized to irregular cases where they do not apply. Example: "I hitted the ball."
  5. The tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.

5 True/False questions

  1. preoperational thinkingVygotsky's term for a person whose cognition is stimulated and directed by older and more skilled members of society


  2. static reasoningThe process by which children map a word onto an underlying concept after only one exposure to the word.


  3. social mediationthe principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects


  4. egocentrismThe tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.


  5. focus on appearancea characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child ignores all attributes that are not apparent.