5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- private speech
- contextual influences
- children as apprentices
- guided participation
- a the internal dialogue that occurs when people talk to themselves (either silently or out loud)
- b the process by which people learn from others who guide their experiences and explorations
- c maturation of the brain's prefrontal cortex appears to be the reason for the age-related advance in children
- d cognitive development is embedded in a social context
curious and observant
- e theorist that developed a series of stages in which an individual passes during cognitive development.
5 Multiple choice questions
- 24 month (short sentences and limited vocab) 6 year old (understand and discuss almost anything)
- theorist focused on the social world of people when explaining cognitive development.
- the idea that children attempt to explain everything they see and hear by constructing theories (where baby's come from)
- Occurs when grammatical rules are incorrectly generalized to irregular cases where they do not apply. Example: "I hitted the ball."
- The tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.
5 True/False questions
preoperational thinking → Vygotsky's term for a person whose cognition is stimulated and directed by older and more skilled members of society
static reasoning → The process by which children map a word onto an underlying concept after only one exposure to the word.
social mediation → the principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects
egocentrism → The tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.
focus on appearance → a characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child ignores all attributes that are not apparent.