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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. language
  2. limitations of piaget's research
  3. egocentrism
  4. children as apprentices
  5. critical period
  1. a Piaget's term for children's tendency to think about the world entirely from their own personal perspective
  2. b just observing may have led him to underestimate what kids can do
  3. c cognitive development is embedded in a social context
    curious and observant
    ask questions
  4. d a time when a certain development must happen if it is ever to happen
  5. e 24 month (short sentences and limited vocab) 6 year old (understand and discuss almost anything)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. An awareness that other people's thoughts are different from your own
  2. explosion
    extensive practice
  3. the internal dialogue that occurs when people talk to themselves (either silently or out loud)
  4. theorist that developed a series of stages in which an individual passes during cognitive development.
  5. a characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child thinks that nothing changes. Whatever is now has always been and always will be

5 True/False questions

  1. social mediationthe principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects


  2. contextual influencesmaturation of the brain's prefrontal cortex appears to be the reason for the age-related advance in children


  3. apprentice in thinkingcognitive development between the ages of about 2 and 6; it includes languages and imagination (in addition to the senses and motor skills of infancy), but logical, operational thinking is not yet possible


  4. overregulizationa function of speech by which a person's cognitive skills are refined and extended through both formal instruction and casual conversation.


  5. scaffoldingVygotsky's idea , temporary support that is tailored to a learner's needs and abilities and aimed at helping the learner master the next task in a given learning process