45 terms

Milady Ch 24 Nail Diseases and Disorders

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Beau's Lines
Visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate.
Bruised Nails
Condition in which a blood clot forms under the nail plate, forming a dark purplish spot, usually due to injury.
Corrugations
Wavy ridges caused by uneven nail growth; usually result of illness or injury.
Eggshell Nails
Noticeably thin, white nail plate that is more flexible than normal.
Furrows
Depressions in the nail that run either lengthwise or across the nail; result from illness,injury,stress or pregnancy.
hangnail or Agnail
Condition in which the eponychium or other living tissue surrounding the nail plate becomes split or torn.
Infected Finger
Redness, pain, swelling, or pus; refer to physician.
Leukonychia Spots
Whitish discoloration of the nails, usually caused by injury to the matrix area; white spots.
Melanonychia
Darkening of the fingernails or toenails; may be seen as a black band under or within the nail plate, extending from the base to the free edge.
Nail Disorder
Condition caused by an injury or disease of the nail unit.
Nail Psoriasis
Condition that affects the surface of the natural nail plate, causing it to appear rough and pitted, as well as causing reddish spots on the nail bed and onycholysis.
Nail Pterygium
Abnormal conditions that occurs when the skin is stretched by the nail plate; usually caused by serious injury or allergic reaction.
Onychatrophia
Atrophy or wasting away of the nail; caused by injury or disease.
Onychauxis (hypertrophy)
Overgrowth in thickness of the nail; caused by local infection, internal imbalance, or may be hereditary.
Onychia
Inflammation of the nail matrix with shredding of the nail.
Onychocryptosis
Ingrown nails.
Onychogryposis
Thickening and increased curvature of the nail.
Onycholysis
Loosening of the nail without shedding.
Onychomadesis
The separation and falling off of a nail from the nail bed; can occur on fingernails and toenails.
Onychomycosis
Fungal infection of the natural nail plate.
Onychophagy
Bitten nails
Onychophosis
Growth of horny epithelium in the nail bed.
Onychoptosis
Periodic shedding of one or more nails.
Onychorrhexis
Spit or brittle nails that also have a series of lengthwise ridges giving a rough appearance to the surface of the nail plate.
Onychosis
Any deformity disease of the natural nails.
paronychia
Bacterial inflammation of the tissues around the nail; pus, thickening and brownish discoloration of the nail plate.
plicatured nail
A type of highly curved nail plate often caused by injury to the matrix, but may be inherited; also called "folded nail".
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa
One of several common bacteria that can cause nail infection.
Pterygium
Forward growth of the cuticle.
Pyogenic Granuloma
Severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate.
Ridges
Vertical lines running the length of the natural nail plate, usually related to normal aging.
Tile-shaped Nails
Increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate.
Tinea Pedis
Medical term for fungal infections of the feet.
Tinea (ringworm)
Reddened patches of small blisters; slight or severe itching.
Tinea Unguium
Whitish patches on the nail that can be scraped off or long yellowish streaks within the nail substance.
Trumpet Nails (pincer nails)
Edges of the nail plate curl around to form the shape of a trumpet or cone around the free edge.
A normal healthy nail
is firm and flexible, and should be shiny and slightly pink in color, with more yellow tones in some races.
You may be able to help your clients with nail disorders in one or two ways.
You can tell clients that they may have a disorder and refer them to a physician, if required.
You can cosmetically improve certain nail plate conditions if the problem is cosmetic and not a medical disorder.
A client whose nail or skin is infected, inflamed, broken or swollen
should not receive services. Instead, the client should be referred to a physician.
Many of these conditions are easily treated in the salon- hangnails, for instance, or bruising
but others are infectious and should not be treated by salon professionals.
Eggshell nails are normally weaker
and can curve over the free edge.
Be very careful when manicuring eggshell nails
because they are fragile and can break easily. Use the fine side of an abrasive board (240 grit or higher) to file them gently and remove as little of the nail plate as possible.
Beau's lines usually result from
major illness or injury that has traumatized the body such as pneumonia, adverse drug reaction, surgery, heart failure, massive injury and high fever.
With hangnails or agnail
Advise the client that proper nail care such as hot oil manicures will aid in correcting the condition.
Blue Nails (Discolored nails)
Nails turn variety of colors; may indicate systemic disorder.
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