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Terms in this set (11)
"Thinking about thinking"
Derived from Greek words, "philein" (to love) and "sophia" (wisdom); literally means "the love of wisdom"
What Philosophy Is
Committed to solving problems in an analytical and logical manner
Committed to reasoned, respectful, argument
Dedicated to seeking answers to important questions
A journey towards wisdom & understanding
What Philosophy is Not
Argumentative and quibbling
Accepting common sense beliefs and opinions
Why Study Philosophy?
Clear, effective thinking is essential for dealing with issues about our nature and the nature of the world we inhabit
Enhances the prospects of students who want to pursue careers in medicine, business, law, etc.
Teenagers are seeking to define themselves, question adult ideas about the world, and offer other possibilities about how the world might be
Developmentally, teenagers are capable of more abstract thought and have an increased ability to critically examine and weigh different points of view
Sense Perception vs. Reason
Sense perception allows one to find answers of proximate causes
Reason allows one to get to first or ultimate causes
In philosophy, sensation serves reason
In science, reason serves sensation
How can one use reason to demonstrate that the denial of truth is an absurd claim?
If there is absolutely no truth, then the very statement, "there is no truth" must be false, then there is truth, and it is possible to know the truth. So, denying the truth only serves to prove that there is truth.
The Value of Philosophy According to Bertrand Russell
We need food for the mind
Constantly asking questions, thus keeping interest in the universe
Without it, some go imprisoned by prejudices derived from common sense, habitual beliefs, habits, etc.
No definite answers provided, but it enlarges our thoughts & frees them from oppression of custom
Keeps alive the speculation of things not yet known by science
Questions themselves enlarge our concepts of what is possible
Keeps us humble and mindful → great # of things thought were certain may be untrue
Mystery in Science
Mystery is yet to be determined, the unknown that is discoverable, a puzzle
The response to mystery is to solve it
Mystery in Religion
Mystery is transcendent & partially indiscoverable, incomprehensible, essence or what is important
The response to mystery is to celebrate & embrace it (worship)
Fides et Ratio (Philosophy in the Catholic Church)
Catholic Church sees philosophy as an excellent resource for gathering greater knowledge of truth
Noblest Human Task - question life's meaning and look for answers
Shows that desire to know is in human nature
Innate to ask why things are the way they are
Reveals how different cultures are contemporary
JPII: "Faith and reason are like two wings on which the human spirit rises to the contemplation of truth" → knowing oneself by knowing God
The study of philosophy is an important element of the Catholic faith tradition and it opens us up to God's truth
Humans seek to have universal elements of knowledge to understand themselves better & advance in self actualization → driven by the ultimate desire to discover truth of existence
JPII's Problem with Modern Philosophy
We can't experience things other than ourselves
Truth is limited (agnostic)
Tendency towards humans defining their own meaning
Greater focus on man
Left the investigation of being & concentration on human knowing rather than using human capacity to know the truth
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