World War I
Terms in this set (37)
Bismark's fear of France's army and Britain's fear of Germany's empire.What key factor led to the formation of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente?
What key factor led to the formation of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente?
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie.
What event in Sarajevo ignited the Great War?
It resulted in Germany's having to fight on two fronts.
What was significant in the Allied victory at the First Battle of the Marne?
Battle of the Somme
Which battle took place as a British response to French hardships on the Western Front?
That their blockade would defeat Britain before U.S. troops arrived.
What gamble did Germany make before the U.S. entered the war?
It allowed Germany to focus all of their efforts on the Western Front.
What impact did the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk have on Germany?
-Britain and France showed little sign of agreeing to Wilson's plan and were more concerned with strengthening their own security
-Britain and France wanted to Strip Germany of their war-making power.
How did the Allies respond to Wilson's vision for peace?
Provisions of peace treaties signed with the Central Powers.
What actions led to the formation of new nations out of the Central Powers?
Marshall Ferdinand Foch
Who was the French commander at the Second Battle of the Marne?
It thought Germany started the war.
Why did Italy refuse to support its ally Germany?
Germany drove the Russians into full retreat
What did the Central Powers gain over Russia at the battle near Tannenberg?
To establish a supply line to Russia
Which of the following was a goal of the Allies' Gallipoli campaign?
Germany's policy to sink any ship in British waters without warning
What did the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare refer to?
The Bulgarians and the Ottoman Turks surrendered.
Which of the following events occurred after the Americans joined the war?
It believed that the United States should stay out of European affairs
What was the American public's opinion about joining the League of Nations?
It drained the treasuries of Europe
What impact did the war have on Europe's economy?
The Balkan Peninsula
What region was referred to as the "Powder Keg" of Europe?
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Who led Germany during the last decade of the 1800s and most of World War I?
Attack France first, then Russia
Which statement summarizes the Schlieffen Plan that Germany created to prepare for a two-front war?
What did the war become once the participating countries began devoting all of their resources to the war effort?
An armistice was signed
What action on November 11, 1918, brought World War I to an end?
a plan for the postwar world
What were the Fourteen Points?
To influence the public opinion
The purpose of propaganda during WWI was?
Help Mexico regain U.S. territory.
The Zimmerman note, which pushed the United States to enter the war, exposed the German plan to.......
Purchases of consumer goods
The system of rationing was designed to limit what?
A member of the Serbian nationalist organization, The Black Hand. He assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie
Where did the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Sophie happen?
To unite the Slavic people of the Balkan region.
What was the goal of the Black Hand organization?
Four background causes of WWI?
A military centered nation where an army would always be ready when needed
Used first by Otto von Bismarck to try to keep peace by isolating France from any possible allies.
A want for land in Africa and Asia. Caused intense competition..sometimes led them to the brink of war.
A feeling of unity throughout a nation because of similar cultures. Also caused competition between nations.
1.) get to Constantinople through the Dardanelles- a strait from the Mediterranean Sea to the Black Sea
2.) Get control of the Black Sea to send supply lines to Russia
3.) Go into Austria-Hungary through the Danube River in the South
Three goals of the Allies in the Gallipoli Campaign?
The Palace of Versailles in Paris, France
Where did representatives meet to create the post-WWI treaty between the Allies and Germany?
David Lloyd George-Britain
The Big Four?
The Fourteen Points
Series of proposals drawn up by the U.S. president