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World History Study Guide: People
World History study guide for the final!
Terms in this set (26)
wrote model set of rules for monasticism in the sixth century, called the Benedictine rule
527: becomes Eastern Roman/Byzantine emperor, 552: has conquered back the rest of empire, most prominent accomplishment: Body of Civil Law/Justinian Code
1169: Becomes sultan in Egypt, 1187: Saladin leads Muslim forces to conquer Jerusalem
Christian, ruled 768-814 in Frankish Kingdom, expanded territory, created Carolingian Empire, promoted learning in the empire using latin, greek, and roman culture and works.
first Christian emperor of roman empire, not baptized until end of life, 313: issues Edict of Milan proclaiming tolerance of Christianity
Pope Urban II
crusades: gave byzantine emperor Alexius I help against Seljuk Turks, freed Jerusalem from Muslim
military leader, first germanic ruler to convert to christianity, famous for saying "Jesus Christ, if you can grant me victory over these enemies, I will believe in you and be baptized". enemies fled. 510: Clovis has created even vaster kingdom, After death, sons divide the land.
Eleanor of Aquitaine
Married: King Louis VII (france) @ age 15, 8 weeks after annulled to Henry II (england) had 8 kids richard and john became kings. died 1204
Born in Makkah. Married Khadijah. Worried about gap between generous makkans and the greedy 1st class. Recieved revelations from god - Allah - wrote them in the Quran. Founded Islam.
Muhammad gathering followers
Took himself and followers from Makkah to Madinah, journey called Hijrah. Won support from Madinah and Arabs
Five Pillars of Islam
belief (one god Allah, and muhammad is his messenger), prayer (5 times daily), charity, fasting (during ramadan), pilgrimage (hajj, journey to makkah)
Second son of Ali. 680: encouraged followers to rise up against Umayyad rule. All but 72 soldiers bailed, and all 72 were killed fighting the 10,000 Umayyad soldiers.
Son-in-law to Muhammad, father of Hussein
Muslim philosopher and scientist. Wrote medicinal encyclopedia stressing contagious effects of some diseases esp. due to water contamination. Became a basic medical textbook for medieval universities in Europe.
Muhammad's wealthy father-in-law who became his successor/caliph
Model Renaissance Man. Artist, scientist, inventor, and visionary. Worked with is inventions and projects in both a personal and military capacity. Worked with Nicollo Machiavelli.
An accomplished painter, sculptor and architect. Worked on many projects. Famous for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
Began the protestant reformation in the early 1500's. Wrote the 95 Theses and nailed them to a church door. Opposed the selling of indulgences in the church. Started Lutheranism
French protestant leader. Emphasized predestination in his teaching - the thought that God had already which of the faithful would be saved. Lead Calvinist movements.
Italian author of vernacular literature. Wrote the Divine Comedy.
Had 6 wives, 3 Catharines, 2 Annes, and a Jane. He fathered Bloody Mary, Queen Elizabeth, and King Edward. Began the Church of England.
English author of vernacular literature. Wrote the Canterbury Tales.
Spanish explorer. He and his crew first to circumnavigate the globe. He died before end of voyage. Began in 1519, passed through Straight of Magellan in 1520.
tried to reach asia by going west. landed in cuba, thought he was in india. called natives indians. made 4 total voyages.
Sir Francis Drake
English; worked for English --> Vice Admiral. Privateer. 2nd to circumnavigate the globe. Helps to break Spanish Armada
Italian; worked for Spain and Portugal. First to propose that North and South America were distinct continents
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