Not as much action but more with the thoughts and reactions of characters; deals with reality of thought and character needs.
Dark view of the world; on the limitation of the human spirit, and that humans can do good or evil.
A perception of inconsistency, sometimes humorous, in which the understanding and importance of a statement is changed by its context; something unexpected.
Audience knows more about the character's situation than the character does and the understanding of events.
Literary device in which an author suggests certain plot developments that might come later in the story.
Coming of Age
Work of literature in which the main characters grow, mature, and come to understand in adult terms.
Using humor often to criticize values, morals, institutions, and various elements of society. (Similar to Sarcasm)
Use of a naïve hero whose incorrect perceptions differ from the audiences correct perceptions.
A particular kind of speech by members of a group due to education, class, or geographic location.
A detailed setting forth of the characteristics of a particular locality, enabling the reader to "see" the setting.