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a comment meant to be heard only by the audience or one other character


coming of age novel


a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse

direct characterization

when the author talking directly about the character (EX: Tom is smart)

flat character

a character who embodies a single quality and who does not develop in the course of a story


two characters that are remarkably different, point out certain characteristics because of their contrast

iambic pentameter

a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable

indirect characterization

when the author characterizes through actions and dialogue (EX: After students are tutored by tom, they all pass their tests)

memory play

play in which the story line takes place in the past


comparison between two unalike things without using like or as


atmosphere/ feeling created within a literary work


a seemingly contradictory statement consisting of 2 words, most of the time (EX: jumbo shrimp


a seemingly contradictory statement (EX: "Nobody goes to that restaurant, it's too crowded")


a play on words (often used by shakespeare)


repeating words/ phrases for emphasis (most common in poetry)

round character

this character is fully developed - the writer reveals good and bad traits as well as background


comparison between two unalike things using like or as


a (usually long) dramatic speech given to oneself intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections (often used in Shakespeare)


a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme (Shakespeare is famous for)

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