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Literary Terms

STUDY
PLAY
aside
a comment meant to be heard only by the audience or one other character
bildungsroman
coming of age novel
couplet
a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse
direct characterization
when the author talking directly about the character (EX: Tom is smart)
flat character
a character who embodies a single quality and who does not develop in the course of a story
foil
two characters that are remarkably different, point out certain characteristics because of their contrast
iambic pentameter
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
indirect characterization
when the author characterizes through actions and dialogue (EX: After students are tutored by tom, they all pass their tests)
memory play
play in which the story line takes place in the past
metaphor
comparison between two unalike things without using like or as
mood
atmosphere/ feeling created within a literary work
oxymoron
a seemingly contradictory statement consisting of 2 words, most of the time (EX: jumbo shrimp
paradox
a seemingly contradictory statement (EX: "Nobody goes to that restaurant, it's too crowded")
pun
a play on words (often used by shakespeare)
repetition
repeating words/ phrases for emphasis (most common in poetry)
round character
this character is fully developed - the writer reveals good and bad traits as well as background
simile
comparison between two unalike things using like or as
soliloquy
a (usually long) dramatic speech given to oneself intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections (often used in Shakespeare)
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme (Shakespeare is famous for)