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Chapter 18

STUDY
PLAY
Attitudes
belifes and feelings about people, objects or events that cause us to behave in certain ways
Attribution theory
theory that we tend to explain behavior in terms of internal personality traits or ecternal factors
Cognitive dissonance
emotional state that results when a person's attitude and behavior are not consistent
Discrimination
unfair treatment of individuals because they are members of certain group
Personal identity
sence one has of ones-self as different from others it includes thoughts and emotions particulary self-knowledge and evaluation
Prejudice
unfounded and generally negative attitude toward a group of people
Reference groups
those people or groups of people whose opinions we care about
Self-fullfilling groups
an expection that is met as a result of inself
Self-schemas
cognitive structures that allow us to diferentiate ourselves from others
Social comparison
comparing of our selves to others to learn the typical values and behaviors of a ggroup and to determine how he differ from a group
Social identity
how one is known in the world. impressions one makes, what others think and attractieness and popularity
Social psychology
feild that studies how individuals influence eachother
Stereotype
set of disorted, generalized belifes about a group of people