Black death stops, poputations increase, people move to cities, middle class emerges, huge infulx of money, interactions with Muslim World,Preservation of Greek/Roman learning by Spain, Weakening Byzantine Empire
What is humanism?
Focus on human endeavor
What is the renaissance man?
Multitalented, like da Vinci- artist, scientist, musician, architect, engnieer
Characteristics of Renassance art?
Themes before were religous, but now more secular
What kind of printing had one page at a time?
What kind of printing let you move each individual letters?
Powerful families in Florence did what?
competed to see who had best artists
Compare art before and during Renaissance?
Religous before, now secular; Art in Cathedrals, now in homes; Flat and stiff art before, now softer, human, 3D, and realistic
What helped spread Protestant Reformation views?
The printing press because people demanded more books and Bibles
What did Machiavelli's book, The Prince, express?
The purpose of a leader is to stay in power and the end justifies the means (self-interest more important than morals)
The Catholic Church said what about going to Heaven?
You only go to Heaven if you do it the Church's way.
Why does the power of the Eastern Orthodox Church fall?
Where does the Eastern Orthodox Church relocate to after the fall of Constantinople?
What were indulgences?
People paid money for indulgences to the Church. It forgave their sins and reduced time in purgatory
Does the Catholic Church pay taxes?
What was the Catholic Church too concerned with?
Wealth and power
What were some of Martin Luther's frustrations with the Catholic Church?
The Church services were in Latin, not in the vernacular(language of the people); Salvation is given by God's grace, NOT through indulgences or the Church; Don't need Church as itermediary-go straight to Bible
What can save a person in Protestant Churches?
Only the grace of God
What led to higher literacy rates in Europe?
Protestants reading the Bible and interpreting for selves
Clergy can marry in what Churches?
Protestant Churches rejected what?
The belief that the wine and bread literally = blood and body of Christ
What is the Counter-Reformation?
Catholic Church Reformation
What happened during the Cathlic Counter Reformation?