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Global Regents Review
Terms in this set (54)
The system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by a man and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct.
the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed which stresses belief in one god (Allah), Paradise and Hell, and a body of law written in the Quran. Followers are called Muslims.
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme beingof many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth
the shift from hunting of animals and gathering of food to the keeping of animals and the growing of food on a regular basis around 8,000 BCE
the introduction of pesticides and high-yield grains and better management during the 1960s and 1970s which greatly increased agricultural productivity
Empire of Ghana
a West African Kingdom that grew rich from taxing and controlling trade and established an empire in the 9th to 11th centuries A.D.
Empire of Mali
West African kingdom that obtained wealth through the gold trade, was ruled by a mansa, and made Timbuktu into a prosperous West African city, 13th-14th centuries AD
A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans; later became the first Prime Minister of Kenya
founder of Ghana's independence movement and Ghana's first priesident
Spearheaded the stuggle against apartheid. First democratically elected and first black president of South Africa.
this Mali king brought Mali to its peak of power and wealth from 1312 the 1337; he was the most powerful king in west africa. He was islamic.
(320-550 C.E.)Ruling family in India during its golden age. Responsible for many achievements in arts and sciences.
A 20th-century Indian who helped lead his country to independence by using civil disobedience and passive resistance against British rule in India.
The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism.
Commodore of the US Navy who opened up Japan to western influence and trade with the Treaty of Kanagawa
Leader of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia. Communist dictator of Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. He is responsible for the deaths of almost 2 million of his own people due to starvation, execution, and beatings.
A group of Communist rebels led by Pol Pot who seized power in Cambodia in 1975.
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975
Chinese admiral during the Ming Dynasty, he led great sea voyages that spread China's fame throughout Asia
Leader of the Chinese Communist Party until his death. He declared the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 and supported the Chinese peasantry throughout his life. Created the Great Leap Forward, Cultural Revolution
Communist leader who created the 4 modernizations, was leader during Tiananmen Square, created the 4 Special Zones.
Great Leap Forward
Started by Mao Zedong, combined collective farms into People's Communes, failed because there was no incentive to work harder, ended after 2 years
Campaign in China ordered by Mao Zedong to purge the Communist Party of his opponents and instill revolutionary values in the younger generation.
Deng Xiaoping's plan to change China after the disaster of Cultural Revolution. Improve: agriculture, science/technology, defense and industry
A 1900 Uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country. This was a strong nationalist rebellion.
Site in Beijing where Chinese students and workers gathered to demand greater political openness in 1989. The demonstration was crushed by Chinese military with great loss of life.
An organization founded in 1960 of nations that export large amounts of petroleum: formed to establish oil-exporting policies and set prices.
Statement issued by Britain's Foreign Secretary in 1917 favoring the establishment of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine.
Mullahs (religious leaders lead by Ayatolla Khomeini) overthrow the US backed Shah and establish a theocracy that hated the US.
Shi'ite philosopher and cleric who led the overthrow of the shah of Iran in 1979 and created an Islamic republic.
Suleiman the Magnificent
The most illustrious sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Also known as Suleiman 'The Lawgiver.' He significantly expanded the empire in the Balkans and eastern Mediterranean.
Known as the father of Turks - Modernized Turkey, westernized schools, replaced Islamic law and gave women rights.
Writing system, 365 day calendar, number system
Developed hieroglyphics and medicines, made astronomical observations, designed jewelry, pottery, garmets, sculptures
Created a road system, terrace farming and medicine.
The most important military leader in the struggle for independence in South America. Born in Venezuela, he led military forces there and in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
Haitian patriot and leader of the succesful Haitian Slave and Independance Revolution.
A system in Spanish America that gave settlers the right to tax local Indians or to demand their labor in exchange for protecting them and teaching them skills.
A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.
A political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
Economic system during the Middle Ages that revolved around self-sufficient farming estates where lords and peasants shared the land.
This document was signed by King John of England in 1215. It was the first document that limited the power of the government.
German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press
This was the period of economic and political expansion, colonialism, and mercantilism that occurred in Europe. Brought about by the age of exploration.
A German monk who became one of the most famous critics of the Roman Catholic Chruch. In 1517, he wrote 95 theses, or statements of belief attacking the church practices.
King of France whose long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles.
The overthrow of English King James II in 1688 and his replacement by Willian and Mary.
A French emperor of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries who rose through the ranks after the French Revolution and crowned himself emperor in 1804. He conquered much of Europe but lost two-thirds of his army in a disastrous invasion of Russia.
German philosopher, economist, and revolutionary. He wrote The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital.
The Turkish government organized the department of the armenians in the Ottoman Empire and over a million were murdered or starved - one of the first genocides of the 20th centuries
Soviet leader, Stalin's successor, publicly denounced Stalin, free many political prisoners eased censorship.
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms.
Glasnost & Perestroika
A policy that was introduced which means openness in. He supported the Soviet citizens to talk about ways to improve their living environment. A second policy was instillied which involved economic restructuring.
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