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29 terms

Foreign Policy Study Guide

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Domestic Policy
A policy dealing with internal relations of the country
Foreign Policy
A policy governing international relations
Washington's Farewell Address
Warned Americans not to get involved in European affairs and not to make permanent alliances; stay neutral
Monroe Doctrine
Stated that the Western Hemisphere shouldn't have any foreign relations with the Eastern Hemisphere
Western Hemisphere
Consisted of Latin America, the U.S, Canada, and South American Countries
Neutrality
To not be involved with foreign affairs
Manifest Destiny
The belief that God wanted America to grow and expand
Imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
White Man's Burden
Americans thought that whites were the superior race, and that it was a chore to educate and assimilate the non-whites that lived in the countries they captured.
Idealism
Impracticality by virtue of thinking of things in their ideal form rather than as they really are
Self-Interest
One's own personal gain
Annex
To take control of; to add
Spheres of Influence
Areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly.
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Social Darwinism
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
Yellow Journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
William Randolph Hearst
United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism
Joseph Pulitzer
Publisher of "new York World" who used yellow journalism, was very critical of the Spanish
Underlying Causes of Spanish-American War
1) Help Cuba get independence
2) Get Cuban resources
The U.S.S. Maine
American warship in Havana Harbor that appeared to be attacked by an explosion killing hundreds of American sailors. The U.S. blamed Spain for the incident and used it as an excuse to go to war.
Results of Spanish-American War
Cuba was given its independence (not for long! ;D). The US was given the control of the islands of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
Rough Riders
Volunteer cavalry regiment led by Theodore Roosevelt in the Spanish-American War
Roosevelt Corollary
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Panama Canal
A ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States
Dollar Diplomacy
Term used to describe the efforts of the US to further its foreign policy through use of economic power by gaurenteeing loans to foreign countries
Alliance
A union or association formed for mutual benefit between countries or organizations
Colony
A country or area under the full or partial political control of another country and occupied by settlers from that country
Empire
government in which the head of state is an emperor or empress
Josiah Strong
American Protestant, editor and author. He was one of the founders of the Social Gospel movement