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28 terms

CHAPTER 43

ASSISTING IN NEUROLOGY AND MENTAL HEALTH
STUDY
PLAY
ANOMALIES
DEFORMITIES OR DEVIATIONS FROM A NORMAL CONDITION, RESULTING FROM FAULTY DEVELOPMENT OF A FETUS
ATAXIA
FAILURE OR IRREGULARITY OF MUSCLE ACTIONS AND COORDINATION
ATROPHY
DECREASE IN THE SIZE OF A NORMALLY DEVELOPED ORGAN
AURA
PECULIAR SENSATION PRECEDING THE APPEARANCE OF A MORE DEFINITE DISTURBANCE
BENIGN
NOT CANCEROUS AND NOT RECURRING
BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER
AN ANATOMIC-PHYSIOLOGIC STRUCTURE MADE UP OF A ASTROCYTE GLIAL CELLS THAT PREVENTS OR SLOWS THE TRANSFER OF CHEMICALS INTO THE NEURONS OF THE CNS
COMA
AN UNCONSCIOUS STATE FROM WHICH THE PATIENT CANNOT BE AROUSED
COMPRESSION
THE STATE OF BEING PRESSED TOGETHER
CONTRALATERAL
PERTAINING TO THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE BODY
CRYPTOGENIC
HAVING A HIDDEN ORIGIN
EMBOLUS
FOREIGN MATERIAL BLOCKING A BLOOD VESSEL, FREQUENTLY A BLOOD CLOT THAT HAS BROKEN AWAY FROM SOME OTHER PART OF THE BODY
EXACERBATION
WORSENING OF DISEASE SYMPTOMS
GAIT
HOW A PERSON WALKS
HOMEOSTASIS
MAINTAINING CONSTANT INTERNAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS COMPATIBLE WITH LIFE
IDIOPATHIC
OF UNKNOWN CAUSE
IPSILATERAL
PERTAINING TO THE SAME SIDE OF THE BODY
MALIGNANT
CANCEROUS
MYELIN SHEATH
SEGMENTED, FATTY TISSUE THAT WRAPS AROUND THE AXON OF THE NERVE CELL AND ACTS AS AN ELECTRICAL INSULATOR TO SPEED THE CONDUCTION OF NERVE IMPULSES
OCCLUSION
COMPLETE BLOCKING OFF OF AN OPENING
PAPILLEDEMA
SWELLING OF THE OPTIC DISC FROM INCREASED INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE
PARESTHESIA
ABNORMAL SENSATION OF BURNING, PRICKLING OR STINGING
PAROXYSMAL
PERTAINING TO A SUDDEN RECURRENT SPASM OF SYMPTOMS
PLAQUE
ABNORMAL ACCUMULATION OF A FATTY SUBSTANCE
RADIOPAQUE
SUBSTANCE THAT CAN EASILY BE VISUALIZED ON AN X-RAY FILM
REMISSION
LESSENING IN THE SEVERITY OF A DISEASE OR SYMPTOMS
SYNCOPE
FAINTING
THROMBUS
BLOOD CLOT
TRANSECTION
CROSS-SECTION; DIVISION MADE BY CUTTING ACROSS