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Social Studies 10-1 Final Exam
Terms in this set (129)
-Globalization has forced Aboriginals to change
-First Nations are often ignored in global decisions
-Assimilation becomes more prominent because of globalization
A process that occurs when people from different cultures come into contact and accept and create space for another. The customs, traditions, technologies, beliefs, and languages of both cultures may be affected.
The cultural changes that occur when two cultures accommodate, or adapt to, each other's worldviews.
European philosopher that believed individual independence and freedom - governments should have little control over their citizens daily life.
A movement that criticizes the power of transnational corporations and its related capitalism.
A process that occurs when the culture of a minority group is absorbed by another culture. The cultural identity of the minority group disappears as its member take on the identity of the other culture.
a prejudiced view (either for or against); a preference
Bretton Woods Conference
-Two main ideas on how to run a country and its trade were formed.
*More government intervention (social programs)
*Free trade (capitalism)
-IMF and WB were formed.
An economic system that advocates free trade, competition, and choice as a means of achieving prosperity.
What a person identifies themselves with - a family, a culture, a group, an area can all be part of a person's collective identity.
A group to which a person belongs and identifies with.
Expanding an empire by taking over other places in the world.
-Shapes the world we live in today
*Canada was created due to Colonial Expansion
A system in which a country finds and takes over land for economic/military power.
-The begin the globalization can be linked to his.
Sharing and interacting.
-Globalization is built upon interacting and sharing ideas with everyone
Consumers influencing corporate policies by changing the way they buy things.
-The global community can work together to change what a transnational can do
The transporting of goods in standard-sized shipping containers.
-Allows products to be effectively shipped all over the world
Issues that affect today's society.
-The global world often cooperate in order to make bigger change
situation that occurs when two societies with different cultures somehow come into contact with each other
-Many cultures clash together to either change or be assimilated due to Globalization
Variety in cultures and identities
-Very prominent in the globalized world.
How a culture sees itself compare to others.
-Many cultural identity meet due to globalization, they also change due to globalization.
The idea that a variety of peoples are free to affirm and promote their customs, traditions, beliefs, and language within a society.
-Canada is a good example where this happens.
The process of affirming and promoting people's individual and collective cultural identity.
-First Nations are doing this
the process of creating a government elected by the people
-Usually due to pressures of outside sources or organizations
A reduction in population caused by natural or human-made forces.
-Wars, epidemic, catastrophic events.
the act of introducing variety of goods, ideas, or cultures.
-Globalization allows for the diversification of goods ideas and cultures.
Anything to do with money, jobs, commerce.
-Economics is now heavily affected by globalization, changes can cascade through many areas of the world.
The spread of trade, transplantation, and communication systems around the world in the interests or promoting worldwide commerce.
To be able to:
-create a sustainable economy
-encourage innovation and productivity
-maintain high levels of employment
Economies which rely on other countries and their economies.
-Most economies today are now interdependent.
Attempting to limit exports and imports with tariffs and other government implemented controls.
-Not many countries are successful in this aspect due to international committees
Economy becoming stable at a favorable time - the whole country's growth is steady and sustainable.
To move out of an area as your home.
-Emigration is easier than before, transportation is easier.
retention, turnover, early retirement, termination, employment-at-will, wrongful discharge
The whole world connected together in terms of how we each affect each others' environment.
-The World has to work together for environmental sustainability due to this
Bills, regulations, and laws directed towards the preservation of the environment.
The ability to re-use resources from the environment indefinitely.
widespread outbreaks of disease.
-More prominent due to the ease of transportation and global interactions.
a way of life or tradition passed on from one generation to the next
-Often changed due to globalization, new ideas are adopted or integrated to old traditions.
Description to someone or something values European ethics, ideas, religions, and linguistics.
-The colonists of the world were largely Eurocentric, thus wiping out many aboriginal groups.
A form of ethnocentrism that uses European ethnic, national, religious, and linguistic criteria to judge other peoples and their cultures.
-Many other cultures were assimilated or destroy due to this when colonialism was at large.
Expanding due to colonialism - outposts (colonies) were set up to claim space for the home country.
Money, supplies, and other goods, as well as expertise, given by one country to another.
-Much foreign Aid occurs today, globalization links the whole world together.
Investments targeting other countries, usually either expanding their market or outsourcing.
-Creates a linked economy in our world.
The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade - formed after Bretton Woods to create trade rules and remove barriers of trade for shared prosperity and economic globalization.
-This also led to the creation of the WTO.
The mass killing of human beings, especially a targeted group of people.
-UN attempts to find these situations, in the past they have failed to do so.
Each person being part of the global community.
-No one can be completely isolated from the rest of the world anymore.
Who we are in the global world and how do we effect others in the world.
-Includes working, shopping, communicating, reading, posting etc.
Issues that effect widespread amounts and people and areas. Often world changing when resolved.
-WWI, WWII, Genocides, Global Warming
The increase of the world's global average temperature due to the enhanced greenhouse effect.
-A global issue.
The movement towards more interdependence and interconnectedness of our whole world due to economic, social, and environmental needs.
This refers to various forms of aid a government provides firms and individuals to support commercial activities.
-Often to help globalized trade and help their country compete.
In 1930s, an economic depression occurred after a economic high. A global immediate drop in economies - chain reaction of losing money, spending less, companies getting less money.
Events in the past that affect globalization today - often are global issues.
-WWI, WWII, colonization of NA, independence of many countries
The erasing of differences. When this term is applied to people, it often refers to the erasing of cultural differences so that peoples become more and more similar.
-Unfortunate courses of action destroying certain cultures.
Concepts or things that all humans should have no matter their situation.
-UN has created a general outline for it, other countries have their own version of it, some do not at all.
The group committing the genocide during the Rwandan Genocide.
Human Rights Watch
Advocate group that looks to bring bring human rights to countries around the world. They bring information to public eye and hope to persuade the public to pressure for change.
The combining of elements of two or more different things to create something new.
-Occurs often in globalized world.
Who someone is, usually affected by world events, other people, culture, prominent ideas.
International Monetary Fund
-Created after the Bretton Woods Conference
-Provide emergency loans
-Demand reforms in countries to promote good governance and to rid of corruption.
One country's domination over another country's economic, political, and cultural institutions.
-Practiced by European countries in colonization.
Supporters of Imperialism.
-Usually those in European countries looking to colonize and take over other areas.
Standard of Living
Overall levels of wealth, happiness, comfort, material goods and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class.
-Different from Quality of Life because it looks at things like happiness
Things or concepts that originate in an area.
-Often affected by historical globalization
People that originate in an area.
-Often affected by historical globalization
A single person's identity away contrasting collective identity.
-Usually affected by collective identity and globalization.
The change into using machines to do most of the labor work. Also changes towards factories instead of workshops.
the action of incorporating a racial or religious group into a community.
-Opposite of homogenization.
Rules set up by the international community that all member countries are to abide by.
-Only available in globalization.
Groups such as UN, WTO, or WHO consisting of members from all over the world focused on one group of issues.
The importing and exporting of goods across boarders.
John Maynard Keynes
A British Economist that predicted the reparations on Germany after WWI would create problems.
-He also believes a countries government should have a larger hand in trade and economics.
Businesses and individuals who use research, education, new ideas, and new information technologies for practical purposes.
Often shapes a person's identity, linked to family, area, and ethnic values.
the act of making or enacting laws
the study of the nature, structure, and variation of language.
-Usually languages reflect that culture's unique identity.
How a language reflects a person's identity. Usually with slang or language specific terms.
Low Birth Rates
Usually caused by different conditions for raising a child and causes the average population to become older.
Groups lacking desirable traits are excluded from society. These groups include poor, uneducated, undesirable color and language. These groups will stay out of acceptance by society unless there is social intervention.
Different developments that change how media is presented and how widespread it becomes.
-Globalization with communication technology largely relies on media
Members of NAFTA
Mexico, USA, Canada
Members of G8
Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States. The European Union is also represented.
Members of the World Bank
188 Countries, although mostly controlled by a few larger countries. USA for example.
A policy followed by European imperial powers for the 16-19th century. In colonies, trade was strictly controlled to benefit the economy of the imperial power.
Traders; believed that a country could prosper by strictly controlling trade to benefit the imperial power.
The movement of people from one country to another.
Immigration is much more prominent in the global world today because of ease of travel.
He believed heavily in a market economy. Market Economy supposedly will allow the people to prosper and adapt to change effectively.
North American Free Trade Agreement - It opened up the borders between the three countries involved to freely trade free of tariffs and other regulations.
A country having two official languages.
-Embracing the idea of a varied world and integration.
How one identifies themselves within their country. Different aspects that come from their country.
Uncontrollable events that can challenge global response. Global organizations are often called-in to help.
Non-government organization. Can be focused in one country or across the world. Allows the general public to make change together.
Unsustainable forms of energy. Creates a problem of using too much energy using up out energy sources - global problem.
History being passed down through generations by speaking. Usually used by aboriginals that lack written language.
A business strategy that involves reducing cost by using suppliers of products and services in countries where labor is cheaper and government regulations may be less strict.
An epidemic that spreads around the world and poses a serious threat because of people's ability to travel farther and faster.
Ones identity built upon experiences, viewpoints, and knowledge. Unaffected by others.
Of or relating to governing a country and its choices in the global world.
Taking a public service and allowing a single company to have control over it - turning it into a business.
Quality of Life
The general well-being of a society in terms of its political freedom, natural environment, education, health care, safety, amount of leisure, and rewards that add to the satisfaction and joy that other goods and services provide.
-This varies from place to place, not necessarily connected to GDP.
One's identity built upon the area they live in. Can include their community, county, province.
A system of beliefs shared by a group with objects for devotion, rituals for worship and a code of ethics. Often spread across large areas and one of the motivation for colonization.
Having or showing belief in and reverence for a deity or something else related to a religion.
Boarding schools where First Nations children gathered to live,work and study. These schools were operated or subsidized by the Canadian Government as an important element of government's assimilation policy.
This took away the cultural identity of many First Nations children - replacing it with the European mindset.
Investments into a specific resource. Can be natural resource, skills, or a demand.
Problems that occur with the usage of resources, such as investments into corrupt countries, sustainability, and environmental concerns.
To bring some back - often it can be ideas and cultures.
The people of Russia were not happy with their conditions - one that gave a lot of wealth to the government and the peasants suffered. So they rebelled and created communism.
The increase in day-to-day global communication/interaction due to new technologies in communication technology. Each person is now connected to many people all over the world.
Accepting responsibility for ensuring that the Earth's resources remain sustainable.
-Often a goal of many groups and NGOs
A part of a social program to as, government supported accommodation to people with low or moderate incomes; when the government provides subsidies or rent assistance for people living in private market housing. (Housing subsidies, public housing, etc.)
The degree to which Earth is able to provide the resources necessary to meet people's needs.
A company that one invested in Sudan (supposedly funding a civil war) but took corporate responsibility invested elsewhere (renewable energy).
Taxes on imports or exports.
-Many countries will have these in order to control their economy. This goes against a market economy.
Developments that help further social, economic, and environmental sustainability and globalization.
The European Union
A liberalized trading area in Europe that anyone can freely cross borders of and use the same currency. It allows shared prosperity of members and protects its members against the challenges of globalization.
The World Bank
Created after the Bretton Woods Conference. Looks to increase growth and reduce poverty in developing countries and to fund specific infrastructure projects.
Third World Nations
Now known as developing countries., Poorest countries, low standards of living, and no industrialization. Now known as developing nations/countries.
A process that involves countries in reducing or removing trade barriers, such as tariffs and quotas, so goods and services can move around the world more freely.
customs or beliefs handed down from generation to generation. Changes to traditions are common due to globalization.
A company that is based in one country while developing and manufacturing its products, or delivering its goods and services, in more than one country. Also called a multinational corporation.
One factors to the growth of globalization. Ease of transportation - allowing people and things to travel farther and quicker connects the world.
Imports many goods, often seen as an overbearing force in areas that can replace many jobs with lower paying jobs with less benefits. Can be seen as stimulating the economy (by allowing outlets for people to spend their money) and give cheaper products.
Universalization of Pop Culture
spread of popular ideas, music, dance, fashion, and other social factors around the world. Usually spread by media and communications technology. It allows culture to mix and change.
The people in Rwanda being massacred.
Developments that allow people and things to move farther and quicker. Extremely important for globalization.
World War I
-Global war caused by competition for resources.
-Caused global debts
-Created heavy reparations for Germany
-Created taxes in order to pay for debts
World War II
-Debt that Germany was in allowed Hitler to come into control
-Gemany started invading other countries, the allies declared war.
-Prompted the Bretton Woods Conference in order to prevent future wars and economic turmoil.
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