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Anatomy Final

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hypoxia
Insufficient oxygen in the cells
fibrinogen
plasma protein that functions in clothing
plasma
the fluid portion of blood or lymph containing proteins, salts, and other substances
serum
the liquid portion of plasma remaining after the proteins involved in clotting are removed
platelet
a cell fragment suspended in plasma that functions in blood clotting
hemoglobin
the oxygen-binding red pigment of erythrocytes
hemolysis
the destruction of red blood cells with the release of hemoglobin
leukocyte
another term for white blood cell
leukopenia
having a depressed white cell count
erythrocyte
another term for red blood cell
antibodies
What do gamma globulins serve as?
transferrin
this hormone regulates red blood cell manufacture
iron deficiency
the most common cause of anemia
neutrophils
also referred to as polymorphs
eosinophils
release enzymes that destroy histamine
basophils
contain heparin, an anticlotting chemical
monocytes
become macrophages after they leave the blood
lymphocytes
also release enzymes that destroy histamine
platelets
small fragments of cytoplasm that detach from megakaryocytes
releasing chemicals that promote clotting
platelets help stop bleeding by
activates other platelets
before a platelet plug can be formed, platelets release ADP which
hemolysis of the red blood cells
this occurs in a transfusion reaction
B, A
If your blood type is B, your red cells are coated with type __ antigen and you have type __ antibody
lack A and B antigens
people with type o blood are referred to as universal donors because they
erythroblastosis fetalis
can occur when an Rh positive man and an Rh negative woman produce and Rh positive baby
liver
where excess iron in the bone marrow is stored
albumins
the portion of plasma proteins responsible for transporting hormones and fatty acids
microcytic and hypochronic
the red blood cells tend to be this in iron-deficiency anemia
platelets
these release ADP which aids in blood clotting
antibodies
people with type AB blood lack A and B __
alpha chains and beta chains
The polypeptide units of hemoglobin are known as __ and __
hematocrit
% of red blood cells to total blood volume is known as __
rouleaux
rolls of red blood cells stacked like coins
leukocytosis
white blood cells are apt to increase in bacterial infections in this condition
leukopenia
in this condition, white blood cells in viral infections are apt to decrease
reticulocyte
a red blood cell without a nucleus and with a persistent ER
fibrin
in blood clotting, prothrombin acts as an enzyme to convert fibrinogen to this
atherosclerotic
high levels of carboxyhemoglobin are associated with increased incidence of this __ disease
intrinsic pathway
this is activated in blood clotting when the blood itself is injured
extrinsic pathway
this is activated when a blood vessel wall is damaged
aplastic
in __ anemia the bone marrow is damaged and fails to function normally
thrombus
a stationary clot that forms within a blood vessel
rh
__ incompatibility may cause erythroblastosis fetalis
polycythemia
this may develop when insufficient oxygen is present in the tissues
stab
a horseshoe shaped neutrophil also knokwn as a band
thalassemia
blood disorder common among people of greek or italian extraction
folic acid
pernicious anemia is treated with large amounts of vitamin b12 and this
histamines
eosinophils help in allergic reactions by releasing enzymes that destroy __