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180 terms

World History (Japan)

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Japanese people lived on coastal plains because most of Japan -
was mostly mountains and "unfarmable"
Why was Japan isolated from Korea and China in ancient times?
Japan's island location prevented any contact with other cultures.
Because of the geography of their country, the diet of Japanese people consists mainly of -
seafood
Which of the following statements is true about the Ainu?
They had a unique language that soon disappeared.
The traditional religion of Japan is -
Shinto
What did the Yamato rulers govern before they called themselves emperors of Japan?
a clan
Contact with China and Korea influenced China by -
bringing new cultural ideas and religion
The efforts of Prince Shotoku led to the spread of -
Buddhism
Why did Japanese nobles in the city of Heian call themselves "dwellers among the clouds"?
Their lives were easy and separated from the rest of Japan.
Who wrote many of the great works of early Japanese literature?
Noble Women, Lady Murasaki Shikibu
Which of the following best describes Heian paintings
bold scenes of nature and court life
How did Noh differ from earlier forms of Japanese drama?
It was more serious, and combined drama, speaking and music.
How was the Buddhism of the Japanese nobles different from the Buddhism of the peasants?
common people did not do elaborate rituals
Zen Buddhists did not believe
that faith leads to wisdom
Why was The Tale of Genji so influential?
it inspired many writers
What could a Japanese nobles' life in Heian be called?
luxurious
The main duty of samurai warrior was to
protect the daimyo and his property
Which list is in the order of most power to least power (military society)
Shogun, Daimyo, Samurai, Peasant
What did samurai warriors receive in return for their military services?
they received land or food
What was the main reason the emperor lost control of Japan to the Minamoto shogun?
the emperor was too indulged in court life
The emperor of Japan became a figurehead in the late 1100s, which means he -
appears to rule when someone else is actually in power
What would happen if a robber attacked the home of a samurai family while the men were at war?
the home would be protected by the samurai's wife
Bushido, "the way of the warrior," represents -
the samurai code of honor
Samurai warriors fought with -
two swords
Samurai warriors improved their discipline with flower arranging, tea ceremonies, and
Zen Buddhist meditation
Losing a fight, disobeying an order, or failing to protect his lord were all ways in which a samurai could
lose his honor
Japanese nobles put aside their differences and united in 1274 to -
protect Japan from the Mongol invasions
What did the two Mongol attacks on Japan have in common?
They were both destroyed by weather
During the 1400s, Japan was
split into many territories and ruled by various daimyo
Who unified Japan in the 1500s?
Oda Nobunaga
Which of the following events happened after the royal court became a center for art and culture?
the society was taken over by shoguns and changed into a military society
Which of the following is a characteristic of Pure Land Buddhism?
Chanting Buddha's name over and over again
Why did nobles move to Heian during the 800s?
so that they could be closer to the emperor and win his favor
The raked rock garden helped Zen Buddhists to -
meditate
Is the following statement true or false?
Japanese nobles in the city of Heian called themselves "dwellers among the clouds" because their lives were easy and removed from the rest of Japan.
True
Japan has mountainous slopes that are difficult to live on and farm.
Why did Japanese people live on coastal plains?
Japan's proximity to China, visits from Chinese citizens, and eagerness from Japan's rulers
What supported the spread of Chinese culture in Japan?
Who wrote many of the great works of early Japanese literature?
noble women
What are ways that the samurai tradition survives in Japan?
practicing self-discipline and sacrifice, working hard, and showing loyalty to companies and sports teams
scenes from nature or court life; bright and bold colors
What describes Heian paintings?
Pure Land Buddhism
A form of Buddhism popular with Japan's common people
Murasaki Shikibu
Author of The Tale of Genji
Zen Buddhism
A form of Buddhism that stresses self-discipline and meditation
Shogun
An emperor who ruled in the name of the emperor
Noh
A type of drama that tells of Japan's heroes
Regent
A person who rules a country for someone who is unable to rule alone
Daimyo
Wealthy landowners who controlled large amounts of land
Court
A group of nobles who live near and serve or advise a ruler
Shinto
The native, traditional religion of Japan
Samurai
Professional warrior who served his or her lord
Figurehead
What role did the emperor have during the shogun period?
It stressed self-discipline and meditation
Why did many samurai adopt Zen Buddhism?
Meditate
What did the raked rock garden help Zen Buddhists do?
two swords
What did Samurai warriors fight with?
a clan
What did the Yamato rulers govern before they called themselves emperors of Japan?
to fight the Mongols
Why did Japanese nobles put aside their differences and unite in 1274?
Oda Nobunaga
Who unified Japan in the 1500s?
The emperor was too busy with courtly life in Heian.
What was the main reason the emperor lost control of Japan to the Minamoto shogun?
Japan was isolated, and Japan's rulers limited technology and banned guns.
Why did the samurai period in Japan last until the 1800s?
Divided, with many daimyo controlling different territories.
Describe the social structure of Japan during the 1400s.
Buddhism
The efforts of Prince Shotoku led to the spread of this.
Bushido
The rules of daily behavior followed by a samurai.
Land or food
With what were samurai repaid for their military service?
Flower arranging, tea ceremonies, and Zen Buddhist meditation
Name some ways that samurai warriors improved their discipline.
Losing a fight, disobeying an order, or failing to protect his lord
What are some ways that a samurai could lose his honor?
It was an accurate depiction of the lives of nobles and it influenced painters of the period.
Why was The Tale of Genji so influential?
Father, mother, older brother, younger brother
According to Confucius, list the family sequence of two parents and two sons in order from most power to least.
Elaborate rituals were practiced by nobles but not by common people.
How was the Buddhism of the Japanese nobles different from the Buddhism of the common people?
He built a grand Buddhist temple.
What was one way Prince Shotoku helped spread Buddhism in Japan?
Ainu
What Japanese people spoke a unique language that was eventually lost?
People from different classes practiced their religion differently.
What is one reason why different forms of Buddhism developed in Japan?
shogun, daimyo, samurai, peasant
List the following members of Samurai society in order of most power to least power: samurai, shogun, peasant, daimyo
Its island location
Why was Japan isolated from Korea and China in ancient times?
The Japanese were aided by the weather
What did the two Mongol attacks on Japan have in common?
land
What did samurai warriors receive in return for their military services?
sharing written language, philosophy, and a new religion
How did contact with China and Korea influence Japan?
It was more serious.
How did Noh differ from earlier forms of Japanese drama?
in regular meditation; in self-discipline; and that wisdom can be found in quiet thinking
What did Zen Buddhists believe?
seafood
Because of the geography of their country, what did the diet of Japanese people mainly consist of?
a female samurai
Who would protect the home of a samurai family while the men were at war?
attend the theater, trade, take part in commerce
What are some things that a samurai could NOT do?
defend his daimyo and his daimyo's property
What was the main duty of a samurai warrior?
Japanese people lived on coastal plains because most of Japan...
Has mountainous slopes that are difficult to live on and farm.
Why was Japan isolated from Korea and China in ancient times?
Japan's island location separated it from other people in Asia.
Because of the geography of their country, the diet of Japanese people contains mostly of...
Seafood
Which of the following statements is true about the Ainu?
The Ainu people spoke a unique language that was eventually lost.
The traditional religion of Japan is...
Shinto
What did the Yamato rulers govern before they called themselves emperors of Japan?
A clan
Contact with China and Korea influenced Japan by
Sharing written language, philosophy, and a new religion.
The efforts of Prince Shotoku led to the spread of...
Buddhism
Why did Japanese nobles in the city of Heian call themselves "dwellers among the clouds"?
Their lives were easy and removed from the rest of Japan
Who wrote many of the great works of early Japanese literature?
Noble women
Which of the following best describes Heian paintings?
Scenes from nature or court life, bright and bold colors
How did Noh differ from earlier forms of Japanese drama?
It included acrobatics
How was the Buddhism of the Japanese nobles different from the Buddhism of the common people?
Elaborate rituals were practiced by nobles but not by common people.
Zen Buddgists did not believe...
That faith leads to wisdom.
The main duty of a samurai warrior was to...
Defend his daimyo and his daimyo's property.
Which list is in the order of most power to least power?
Shogun, Daimyo, Samurai, Peasant
What did samurai warriors receive in return for their military services?
Land
What was the main reason the emperor lost control of Japan to the Minamoto shogun?
The peasants of Japan were unhappy with the emperor and refused to recognize him.
The emperor of Japan became a figurehead in the late 1100s which means he
Appeared to rule while someone else actually had power.
What would happen if a robber attacked the home of a samurai family while the men were at war?
The home would be protected by a female samurai.
Bushido, "the way of the warrior," represents...
The rules of daily behavior followed by samurai
Samurai warriors fought with...
Two swords
Samurai warriors improved their discipline with flower arranging, tea ceremonies, and...
Zen Buddhist meditation
Losing a fight, disobeying an order, or failing to protect his lord were all ways in which a samurai could...
Lose his honor
Which of the following is not a way the samurai tradition survives in Japan?
Working hard
Japanese nobles put aside their differences and united in 1274 to...
Fight a common enemy, the invading Mongols.
What did the two Mongol attacks on Japan have in common?
The Japanese were aided by the weather in both attacks.
During the 1400s, Japan was...
Divided, with many daimyo controlling different territories.
Who unified Japan in the 1500s?
Oda Nobunaga
The samurai period in Japan lasted until the 1800s for all of the following reasons except
Japanese believed samurai were chosen by gods.
Which of the following is a characteristic of Pure Land Buddhism?
Chanting Buddha's name
According to Confucius, which family sequence is in order from most power to least?
Father→Mother→Older Brother→Younger Brother
Why did nobles move to Heian during the 800s?
They wanted to be close to the emperor to win his favor.
The raked rock garden helped Zen Buddhists to...
Meditate
Why did the Japanese live on the coastal plains?
Because the majority of Japan was the tops of undersea mountains and volcanoes.
Why was Japan isolated from Korea and China in ancient times?
They lived on islands that were miles away from Korea and China
Ainu
Lost most battles and spoke a different language
Traditional Religion of Japan
Shinto
What did the Yamato rulers govern before they called themselves emperors of Japan?
The Yamato clan
Contact with China with Korea influenced Japan by
learning new ways of thinking and working
Because of the geography of their country, the diet of Japanese people consists mainly of
Sea food
The efforts of Prince Shitoku led to the spread of
Buddhism
Why did Japanese nobles in the city of Heian call themselves "dwellers among the clouds"?
They had such an easy life compared to the peasant people.
Who wrote many of the great works of early Japanese literature?
Female Nobles
Heian paintings were
paintings of stories/ bold colors
How did Noh differ from earlier forms of Japanese drama?
It combined music, speaking and dance. It is a more serious form of drama. Often tells about great heroes from the past.
How was the Buddhism of the Japanese nobles different from the Buddhism of the peasants?
elaborate rituals
Zen Buddhists did not believe
That faith nor good behavior led to wisdom
Why was the Tale of Genji so influential
It was the first full-length novel
The main duty of a samurai is to
Protect his daimyo
The order of most powerful to least powerful
1. Emperor
2. Shogun
3. Samurai and Daimyo
4. Peasants
What did samurai warriors receive in return for their military services?
Land
What was the main reason the emperor lost control of Japan to the Minamoto shogun?
The Minamoto clan won the war when the emperor was busy in Heian
The emperor of Japan became a figurehead in the late 1100's, which means he
did not have real power
Which of the following is a true statement about life as a samurai
They would do activities that would help them concentrate
What would happen if a robber attacked the home of a samurai family while the men were at war?
The female samurai would defend the home
Bushido represents
the samurai code of rules
Samurai warriors fought with
2 swords
Losing a fight, disobeying an order, or failing to protect his lord were all ways a samurai could
commit suicide
Japanese nobles put aside their differences and united in 1274 to
fight off the mongols
What did the two Mongol attacks on Japan have in common
Japan was aided by a storm
During the 1400's Japan was
controlled by multiple daimyo
Who unified Japan in the 1500's
Oda Nabunaga
Which of the following events happened after the royal court became a center for art and culture?
Japan was invaded by Mongols. Samurai became the new military.
Pure Land Buddhism did not
require expensive rituals
According to Confucius, which family sequence is in order from most power to least?
Father, Mother, Older siblings, Younger siblings
Why did nobles move to Heian during the 800's
To win the emperor's favor by living close to him
The raked rock garden helped Zen Buddhists to
meditate
Samurai warriors improved their discipline with flower arranging, tea ceremonies and
growing miniature bonsai trees.
Japanese people lived on coastal plains because most of japan...
was mountains and it was hard to farm on
why was japan isolated from Korea & China in ancient time?
because it was seperated all together, no connections
because of the geography of their country, the diet of the Japanese mainly consist of ...
seafood
which of the following is true about the Ainu?
they developed Shinto
the traditional religion of Japan is ...
Shinto
what did the yamato rulers govern before they called themselves emperors of Japan?
clans
contact with china & Korea influenced Japan by..
borrowing language, philosophy, and religion
the efforts of Prince Shotoku led to the spread of ...
Buddhism
why did Japanese nobles in the city of Heian call themselves "dwellers amongst the clouds"?
because they were closer to the emperor and were at ease from seperation from the rest of Japan
who wrote many great works of early Japan literatur?
noble women
which of the following best describes Heian paintings?
scenes of nature and court life, bright, bold colors
how did Noh differ from earlier forms of Japanese drama?
it was more serious
how was the Buddhism of Japanese nobles different from the Buddhism of the common people?
common people focused more on lengthy meditation sessions
Zen Buddhist did not believe in ...
faith leads to wisdom
"they danced very briefly and withdrew under the autumn trees, and guests regretted the approach of sunset. the formal concert, brief and unassuming, was followed by impromptu music in the halls above, instruments having been brought from palace collections. as it grew livelier a koto was brought for each of the emperors and a third for Genji."
...
according to this excerpt from the 'Tale Of Genji', Japanese nobles ....
enjoyed music
why was the 'Tale Of Genji' so influential?
it was a depiction of noble lives. it influenced religious leaders
"the lieutenants of the inner guards advanced from the east and knelt to the left and right of the stairs before the royal seats, one presenting the take from the pond and the other a brace of fowl taken by royal falcons in the northern hills, to no Chujo received the royal command to prepare and serve these delicacies."~ from the tale of Genji
...
what conclusions can you draw about Japanese court life based on the excerpt above?
it was luxurious
the main duty of a samurai warrior was to ..
protect and serve his daimyo
which list is in order from MOST power to LEAST?
Shogun, Daimyo, Samurai, Peasants
what did samurai warriors receive in return for their military service?
land
what was the main reason the emperor lost control of Japan to the Minamoto's shogun?
the common people no longer wanted to follow the emperor
the emperor of Japan became a figurehead in the late 1100s, which means he...
appears to be in control when someone else really is
which of the following is a true statement about life as a samurai?
samurai could get married
what would happen if a robber attacked the home of a samurai family while the men were at war?
the women samurai would defend
BUSHIDO,"the way of the warrior," represents ...
the code of rules for the samurai
samurai warriors fought with ...
two swords
samurai warriors improved their discipline with flower- arranging, tea ceremonies, and ...
meditation