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CBRN FM 3-11.4
Terms in this set (71)
What Field Manual covers Multiservice Tactics, Techniques, And Procedures For Nuclear, Biological, And Chemical NBC) Protection?
What is the current US policy on NBC?
To deter enemy NBC use through a strong nuclear force & conventional capabilities that include:
b) active and passive defense,
c) consequence management to enable US forces to survive, fight, and win in an NBC environment
What does the acronym NBC represent?
Nuclear, Biological, Chemical
What are the four (4) core capabilities of Counterproliferation?
2) Active defense
3) Passive defense
4) Consequence management
The US military response to the threat and actual use of NBC weapons is counterproliferation-what is Counterproliferation?
A multitiered, integrated approach intended to deter NBC use & enable US forces to survive, fight, and win in an NBC environment
What is Counterforce under Counterproliferation?
Attacks adversary NBC weapons & their associated production, transportation, & storage facilitiesbefore their use in order to reduce the NBC threat to friendly operations and US interests
What are the two (2) classification types of NBC hazards?
1) Immediate hazards- produce casualties immediately after attack,
2) Residual hazards- delayed effects
What are the six (6) major types of Chemical agents?
What forms do Chemical agents come in?
What must a unit be able to do in order to survive a NBC attack?
1) Take immediate & correct action upon warning of an imminent NBC attack or arrival of a CB agent or radiological fallout,
2) Determine the presence & nature of NBC hazards in the unit's area & take effective measures to mitigate, to the extent possible, the effects of an NBC attack,
3) Properly use unit NBC protective equipment & supplies and maintain them in a high state of serviceability & readiness,
4) Enforce a high order of health, hygiene, & sanitation to minimize the spread of disease following a biological attack
What is the number of Antidote Treatment Nerve Agent Auto (ATNAA) injectors that must be given as immediate first aid treatment for nerve agent poisoning?
What is the number of Nerve Agent Antidote Kits (NAAKs) that must be given as immediate first aid treatment for nerve agent poisoning?
How many Mark I nerve agent antidote kits does a Soldier receive?
The two-chamber autoinjector in the Nerve Agent Antidote Kit (NAAK) provides both antidote agents atropine & pralidoxime chloride) through a single injection—which anitidote is injected first?
Atropine is injected first followed by the pralidoxime
How long should you apply pressure when using the Auto injector?
What does MOPP stand for?
Mission Oriented Protective Posture
What are the proper masking procedures?
1) Stop breathing & close eyes,
2) Don protective mask,
3) Clear mask,
4) Check seal of mask,
5) Sound alarm to alert others,
6) Continue mission
What are the 5 levels of MOPP?
What are the three (3) types of procedures for MOPP gear exchange?
1) Buddy Team,
2) Triple Buddy,
What two (2) types of gases will the protective mask NOT protect against?
Ammonia vapors or carbon monoxide
Once masked, who can make the decision to unmask?
The unit commander
How often should you check your protective mask during peacetime?
- Before, during, & after training events,
- Monthly the minimum),
What does the acronym "CPOG" stand for?
Chemical Protective Outer Garment
What is the first step in putting on your M17 series mask?
What actions are taken in MOPP level 2?
Overgarment - Worn,
Overboots - Worn,
Hood/Mask - Carried,
Gloves - Carried
What chemical is used when checking the operation of the protective mask?
What does JSLIST stand for?
Joint Service Lightweight Integrated Suit Technology
What are two (2) features of the JSLIST suit?
1) Washable up to six (6) times,
2) Reduces heat stress
What are three (3) types of alarms and signals that units use to respond quickly and correctly to NBC hazards?
1) Audible Alarms,
2) Automatic Alarms,
3) Visual Signals
When do you give warning when under an NBC attack?
After you mask
The primary means of warning units of an actual or predicted NBC hazard is the NBC Warning and Reporting system (NBCWRS), consisting of sixreports—which report is the most widely used report?
The NBC 1 Report observing unit uses this report to provide NBC attack data)
What is an NBC-1 report?
It is an initial observer's report of any type of NBC attack
What communications precedence is an NBC-1 report?
FLASH precedence—all others are IMMEDIATE
What is DA FORM 1971-7-R?
NBC 1 Observer's Initial or Follow-Up Report observing unit uses this report to provide NBC attack data)
Describe some of the information contained on an NBC-1 nuclear attack report?
1) Date & time of attackn
2) Flash-to-bang time,
3) Illumination time,
4) Type of burst,
5) Location of GZ (ground zero) or azimuth to attack,
6) Stabilized nuclear cloud measurements
What are three (3) fundamentals of NBC defense
1) Avoid contamination,
What should a unit do when a NBC 3 report is received?
Continuous chemical monitoring—continuous surveillance for radiation in the unit area or position
During the monitoring for a series NBC 4 report, at what distance does the operator take a dose ratereading?
Maximum 150 meters out—no more than 300 meters apart
What are the dimensions of an NBC marker?
11 1/2 inches on the top by 8 inches on either side
What is the shape of the contamination markers?
What is the process of absorbing, destroying, neutralizing, making harmless, or removing chemical and biological agents or removingradioactive material that is around or clinging to a person, object, or area in order to make it safe?
What are the three (3) levels of decontamination?
What are the colors for both Gas Chemical Marker & Bio Marker?
a) Background is yellow with red lettering—Gas,
b) Background is blue with red lettering—Bio
What is the color of a Nuclear radiological) contamination marker?
White background with ATOM in black letters
What two (2) things should you avoid doing when crossing a contaminated area?
-Stirring up dust,
How should an area be crossed that is suspected of contamination?
Quickly, avoiding depressions & vegetation
What's the first step performed during a crossing of a contaminated area?
What is the current U.S. policy regarding the use of Nuclear assets?
-Last Resort—may use to terminate a conflict or war at the lowest acceptable level of hostilities,
-This is interpreted to mean that the US may use nuclear weapons first only if necessary
What is the current U.S. policy regarding the use of Chemical weapons?
The US will never use chemical weapons
What is the current U.S. policy regarding the use of Biological weapons?
The US will never use biological weapons
Who has the authority to order the use of Nuclear weapons?
Only the U.S. President
What are Flash Burns?
Direct burns produced by the flash of thermal radiation from the fireball
What causes the most casualties in a nuclear attack?
The initial blast & the heat of detonation
What are the 3 types of nuclear bursts?
What are the 3 types of nuclear bursts?
Which nuclear burst would you use for maximum radiation effect?
What is the difference between Dose Rate and Total Dose?
-Dose Rate is the amount of radiation per hour,
-Total Dose is the actual accumulation
What does an AN VDR-2 detect and measure?
Nuclear radiation from fallout & radioisotopes
What is meant by Biological Warfare?
The intentional use by an enemy of germs or toxins to cause death & disease among personnel, animals, plants, or more rarely, to deterioratematerial
What are the two (2) broad categories of Biological agents?
Pathogens & Toxins
What are Pathogens?
Living microorganisms infectious agents) that cause disease in man, animals, or plants
What are Toxins?
Poisonous substances produced as by-products of microorganisms the pathogens), plants, & animals
What are the protective measures taken for a Biological attack?
-Use of IPE, individual protective equipment, (e.g., a well-fitted mask),
What is the best way to protect against Biological agents?
What is the color of a Biological contamination marker?
Blue background with BIO in red letters
What are four (4) types of microorganisms found in Biological agents?
What is the best decontamination for Biological agents?
Warm soapy wate
Where would a biological attack be most effective?
Cities, large troop concentrations, animals & vegetable crops
What is the first signal that a unit may have been exposed to a biological agent?
When large numbers of personnel become sick
Determining that a biological attack occurred will pose considerable difficulties for soldiers—what aresome usual indicators of CB attack during the "windows of vulnerability?"
-Low flying aircraft,
-Spraying mists or fogs,
-Munitions with little or no explosive effect,
-Ground generators spraying a fog or mist
What type of attack does an M22 ACADA alarm warn?
Chemical ACADA—Automatic Chemical Agent Detection Alarm)
What are the protective actions taken for a Chemical attack?
-Give Attack Warnings
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