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54 terms

anesthesia final

STUDY
PLAY
what removes CO2 from exhaled air before being reinhaled?
soda lime granules
unsafe pressure for small animals
over 20 cmH2O
pure oxygen to patient from the oxygen flush valve
45-50psi
volume of air inspired or expired in a single breath
tidal volume
respiratory rate less than____ breaths per minute should be reported
6-8
what ET tube as an eye at the end?
murphy
normal respiratory rate for dog under anesthesia
8-20 per minute
rubber ET tubes may
crack
non-rebreathing system requires higher oxygen than rebreathing system
true
carbon dioxide absorber is used only with the rebreathing system
true
closed rebreathing anesthetic systems have a lower flow rate than semiclosed rebreathing or nonrebreathing systems
true
which vaporizer is most common?
precision
nonrebreathing systems should have maintenance flow rates that are
very high at least 200ml/kg.min
minimum size for reservoir bag
50-60ml/kg
what sets the pace of the heart?
sinoatrial node
what chemical substances produced by the body contributes to intense pain associated with inflammation?
prostaglandins, histamine and proteolytic enzymes
why is pain more vague in the throacic and visceral areas?
few sensory nerves
what re the most commonly usede analgesics for postop pain?
narcotics
what are predominately used for mild-to-moderate chronic musculoskeletal pain?
NSAIDS
opioids have analgesic effects because
ineteract with specific opioid receptors in brain and spinal cord
NSAIDS have analgesic effects because
inhibition of cyclooxygenase
increased response to a stimulus that is normally painful
hyperalgesia
production of pain due to a stimulus that dose not normally provoke pain
allodynia
kappa and mu are?
types of opioid receptors in the CNS
what is one drug that has no analgesic effects?
diazepam/valium
which opioid receptor provides the most pain relief?
Mu
absence of pain in the presence of stimuli that would normally be painful
analgesia
common side effects of narcotics in dogs
panting, respiratory depression and bradycardia
respiratory rate and adequacy of ventilation measured with
capnometer
oxygen flow rate at beginning
3L/min
atelectasis
collapsed or airless state of the lung
acepromazine
phenothiazine tranquilizer
atropine
anticholinergic
butorphanol
opioid
diazepam
benzodiazapine
etomidate
class by itself
fentanyl
opioid
glycopyrrolate
anticholinergic
ketamine
dissociative
dexedetomidine
alpha 2 agonist
methohexital
barbiturate
midazolam
benzodiazepine
morphine
opioid
propofol
class by itself
tletamine
alpha 2 agonist
thiopental
barbiturate
ketamine provides
some pain relief
state of calm taht patient is reluctant to move and is aware of but unconcerned of surroundings
tranquilization
patient that is moderately dehydrated or anemic is at a
class 3 anesthetic risk
atropine
anticholinergic
atropine
increases heart rate
atropine
causes mydriasis
CO2/sodasorb should be changed
every 8-10 hours
signs of CO2 absorber not working
tachypnea, tachycardia, brick red mm, cardiac arrhythmias