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Historians divide much of Egyptian history into three periods:

the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, the New Kingdom

In Egypt, __________ had absolute, or unlimited, power.


Scholars have been able to learn much about Ancient Egypt because of the __________.

Rosetta Stone

Amenhotep IV's attempt to make Egyptians monotheistic was defeated by

Egyptian priests

Who was the last Great Pharaoh of Egypt?

Ramses II

Egypt was ruled by a ________ or 'ruling family'


The Rosetta Stone was important because it

helped decode heiroglyphics

Eygpt remained stable through many dynastic changes because _________.

it was geographically isolated

Papyrus was a paper-like material made out of _________.

the pith of the papyrus plant

The benefit of the Nile River valley included regular flooding and fertile soil.


Which of the following statements is not true of the New Kingdom of Egypt?

The merchants struggle for power caused a great deal of internal strife

Which of the following was a direct result of Egypt's transition to a monotheistic belief system?

Monotheism led to new paintings of daily life and activities

Amenhotep IV wanted Egyptians to be monotheistic, meaning that he wanted people to

worship only one god

The Great Pyramids were

tombs for the pharaohs

In the Egyptian Old Kingdom, the struggle by merchants for greater power led to

internal strife

Caravans were used for

overland trade

The 360 day calendar was adopted by the Egyptians to keep track of harvests


At first, Egyptians believed an afterlife existed just for the pharaohs


To build the pyramids, the Egyptians relied heavily on


Egyptians carved hieroglyphics on stone because papyrus was hard to obtain


The Hyksos gained power in Egypt w/ the help of chariots and compound bows


Despite their religious beliefs, Egyptian traders were not afraid of

traveling outside of Egypt

why did Egyptian art and architecture often depict animals, such as the lion body of the Sphinx

Gods were often symbolized by animals

The Sumerians were adept at building_______ and developing effective systems of_______.

canals, irrigation

All of the following were common elements of education in Sumeria (Sumer) EXCEPT:

it was available to most females.

He was the first king to impose widespread imperialism over all of Mesopotamia


The Sumerian calendar was based on

the movement of the moon

Farming in Sumer was more difficult than in Egypt because

the flooding was unpredictable

Mesopotamia lies between the Tigris and the Euphrates



form of writing developed by people of the Nile River valley

The Sumerians developed a number system based on 10


The __________ were the first civilization to use a coin money system.


Which of the following was not a contributing factor to the Phoenicians becoming a great seafaring civilization?

A lack of natural resources

The Lydians develop a money economy because the barter system was limited


Which of the following Phoenician cultural practices was not adopted by other cultures of the time period?

A money economy

aspects of phoenicians and lydians cultures were carried on by other cultures in a process known as ____________.

cultural diffusion


Sumerian symbols carved with a stylus into clay tablets

The Phoenicians established trading colonies in all of the following places except


The Phoenicians exported all of the following except


Which of the following statements is not true of the waterways in and around the Indian Plateau?

The oceans provide a route to travel outside of the Indus River Valley.

One thing that sets the Indus River Valley cities apart from Sumeria and Egypt is that they

had indoor toilets.

The Khyber Pass was one way to get to India through the

Himalayan Mountains.

Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa, by 2300 BCE, had thriving civilizations with populations of about _______.


If the monsoons arrived too late in the season, crops could dry out.


Harappan and Mohenjo Daro were both

large and carefully planned.

Which of the following statements about citadels is not true?

They were found along the walls of the city.

People in the Indus River Valley grew all of the following except


How did the climate of the Indus River Valley change between 6000 BCE and 2500 BCE

it recieved more rain

The Phoenicians spread their culture by conquering weak empires on the western edge of the Fertile Crescent


the people of the Indus River Valley traded all of the following with Sumeria except


If it was late the crops would dry out


Money economy

an economic system developed by Lydian traders


ancient Indus River valley city

Which of the following was the only way to travel through the mountains and into the Indus River Valley?

The Khyber Pass

Cuneiform was

symbol-based writing

Who killed the last king of the Mauryans?

Pushyamitra Sunga

All of the following contributed to the fall of the Gupta empire, EXCEPT:

invasion by the Greeks.

More people became Buddhists after

Asoka's conversion

Chandragupta Maurya was able to do all of the following except

expand India past the Himalayan Mountains

Commodities are

goods with value for trade

the Magadha was the first kingdom in India



mark the seasons on the Indian subcontinent

Chandragupta Maurya united most of india


The Indian subcontinent is separated from the rest of Asia by the


The Mauryan bureaucracy was

an administrative unit

All of the following were achievements of the Sumerian culture except

the Great Pyramid.

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