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SHS flash cards

Central Powers

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire


France, Great Britain, Russia

Western Front

The front of war between France and Germany

Schlieffen Plan

The German plan to defeat France quickly in the West and the fight Russia in the East

Trench Warfare

The style of warfare where sides fought from opposing trenches

Eastern Front

The front of war between Russia and Germany

Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

German submarines will sink any ship that is of the enemy or in British waters

Total War

German submarines will sink any ship that is of the enemy or in British waters


When certain things are used less by the public for use by the military


One sided arguments to raise support


An end to fighting

What were the four causes of World War I?

Military Buildup

How did military buildup lead to WWI?

New weapons were invented. Nations built up armies and glorified war.

How did alliances lead to WWI?

Nations agreed to fight with each other in case of war
Triple Entente- Great Britain, France, Russia
Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy

How did imperialism lead to WWI?

Competition over colonies caused tension. European powers felt threatened by one another. There were spheres of influence and boundary disputes.

How did nationalism lead to WWI?

Citizens are proud of their country and are willing to fight for it. Alsace-Lorraine- Region Germany one from France in the Franco-Prussian war of 1871- France wanted it back. Serbia wanted independence from Austria-Hungary

Describe the assignation of the Archduke and the events following.

Archduke Francis Ferdinand was the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. On June 28, 1914, he was killed by Serbian terrorist Gavrilo Princip who thought Austria-Hungary was oppressive. They declared war on Serbia which caused Russia to mobilize, causing Germany to declare war on them

Why was the Battle of the Marne so significant?

It left the Schlieffen Plan in ruins

Why was Russia's involvement in the war so important to the allies?

This forced the Germans to fight a two-front war, making them have to divide their troops.

What were some of the conditions that soldiers on the front lines had to face?

In the trenches, there were poor conditions such as drowning if it rained, lack of sanitation, and being covered in mud.

Which countries compromised the Central Powers? Which countries compromised the Allies?

The Central Powers were Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. The Allies were Great Britain, France, Russia, and later, Italy.

What were the characteristics of trench warfare?

Soldiers fought each other from trenches that they lived in.

What factors contributed to Russia's war difficulties?

Their lack of modernization and surviving the terrain.

How was war on the Western and Eastern Fronts different? How was it the same?

The Western Front was a more mobile war with more substantial land gains. The Eastern Front was trench warfare over small land

Why did the Schlieffen Plan ultimately collapse?

It collapsed because they incorrectly assumed the French would be easy to defeat.

How did the governments of the warring nations fight a total war?

They dedicated all resources to the war effort. Women took over jobs and ran factories, producing war supplies.

How was the Second Battle of the Marne similar to the first?

They were both fought in the same area, near the Marne river. Also, they both were important Allied victories

What factors helped prompt the US to join the war for Allies?

The US already had strong relations with the Allies. Also, Germans repeatedly sank U.S ships

What role did women play in the war?

They took over in the factories and acted as battlefield nurses. They basically took over the home front

What was the significance of the Second Battle of the Marne?

It acted as a turning point for the Allies to get closer to victory.


In Marxist theory, the group of workers who would overthrow the czar and come to rule Russia


A group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of Russia's government in November 1917


The leader of the Bolsheviks



Provisional Government




Communist Party


Joseph Stalin


Why did industrialization in Russia lead to unrest?


What role did WWI play in the two revolutions?


Why were the effects of the March Revolution also causes of the Bolshevik Revolution?


What problems did Lenin and the Bolsheviks face after the revolution?


How did Lenin's ideas about communism differ from those of Marx?


How did the Communist government prevent nationalism from the threatening the new state created by the government.


How did WWI help to bring about the Russian Revolution?


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