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a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story

cut to

a sudden change from one scene or character to another, When the camera that is fixed on a person, place, or thing quickly switches to another subject. Usually during dialogue and setting changes.

fade in/fade out

starts from black screen then gradually appears, or starts with screen and gradually dissolves

zoom in

the act of rotating a ring on the zoom lens so that the center of the picture appears to be moving toward the camera.

zoom out

rotating the zoom lens so that the center of the picture appears to be moving away from he camera

exterior shot

When the scene is shot to showcase the action outside the building

interior shot

When the scene is shot to showcase action INSIDE of a building, When a scene is shot to showcase the action inside of a building


(film) a gradual transition from one scene to the next


make a sweeping movement


a crime more serious than a misdemeanor and punishable by imprisonment for more than one year or death, a serious crime (such as murder or arson)


recorded speech played during a drama, A form of narration in which an off-screen voice comments on the action or circumstances or attitudes of the characters.

split screen

When two seperate camera frames are displayed simultaneously on the screen to allow the audience to see two scenes at a time

close up

a shot that captures a subject from the top of the head to just below the shoulders

reaction shot

A shot that is used to showcase the response a subject has to a turning point in the plot

medium shot

a shot that captures a subject from the top of the head to a line just above or below the belt or waistline

long shot

a shot that captures a subject from the top of the head to the bottom of the feet and does not include many of the surrounding details


(law) a defense by an accused person purporting to show that he or she could not have committed the crime in question


a government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state


a person or institution against whom an action is brought in a court of law


a hearing in which a suspect is charged and pleads guilty or not guilty


an assertion offering firsthand authentication of a fact


an unpremeditated taking of a human life


a public official authorized to decide questions bought before a court of justice


The interrogation of a witness by the opposing party


a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law


(law) the findings of a jury on issues of fact submitted to it for decision


(criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed

point of view

the spatial property of the position from which something is observed

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