Period 3 South Asia and Southeast Asia, 600-1450 CE
Terms in this set (32)
an Arabic term that means the "house of Islam" and that refers to lands under Islamic rule
South Indian kingdom, had powerful military and especially navy, made a lot of wealth out of sea trade, influenced Southeast Asia too
In 1336, Harihara and Bukka, two emisseries from the Delhi sultan, renounced Islam, reconverted to Hinduism, and founded the southern kingdom(Vijayanagar)
Northwest region of India 1st invaded by Islamic armies
Mahmud of Ghazni
Third ruler of Turkish slave dynasty in Afghanistan; led invasions of northern India; credited with sacking one of wealthiest of Hindu temples in northern India; gave Muslims reputation for intolerance and aggression.
state in northwestern India with a largely Sikh population
Muslim-Turkic kingdom in India, many Indian convert to avoid taxes but difficult to accept because it is monotheistic; Sikhism
Capital of the Mugal empire in Northern India
Poll tax that non-Muslims had to pay when living within a Muslim empire
An early complex society in Southeast Asia between the first and sixth centuries C.E. It was centered in the rich rice-growing region of southern Vietnam, and it controlled the passage of trade across the Malaysian isthmus.
an Indian king or prince.
The inhabitants of Cambodia; founders of a large empire in ancient Southeast Asia.
aka Khmer, located in Cambodia, had contact with Indian traders, adopted Hindu beliefs, however many converted to Buddhism, became most powerful state on mainland, then declined
first major Muslim city in Southeast Asia
The seasonal wind of the Indian Ocean and southern Asia, blowing from the southwest in summer and from the northeast in winter. (in India and nearby lands) the season during which the southwest monsoon blows, commonly marked by heavy rains; rainy season. any wind that changes directions with the seasons
a triangular sail on a long yard at an angle of 45° to the mast.
a small piece of wood in the back so that you can steer a large vessel more effectively.
one of the largest rock-cut ancient Hindu temples located in Ellora, Maharashtra, India. It was built in the 8th century by the Rashtrakuta king Krishna I as attested in Kannada inscriptions.
(1440-1518) a blind weaver, who was one of the most famous bhakti teachers, went so far to teach that Shiva, Vishnu, and Allah were all manifestations of single, universal deity.
tries to convert people to its ranks & is universalizing ex. christianity
mystical Muslim group that believed they could draw closer to God through prayer, fasting, & simple life
Indian religious movement which acted as a hybrid of Islam and Hinduism. Not successful. Guru Kabir was a main leader.
Celebrated Hindu writer of religious poetry; reflected openness of bhaktic cults to women
A Persian-influenced literary form of Hindi written in Arabic characters and used as a literary language since the 1300s.
one of two classical Hindu epics telling of the banishment of Rama from his kingdom and the abduction of his wife by a demon and Rama's restoration to the throne
A vast epic chronicling the events leading up to a cataclysmic battle between related kinship groups in early India. It includes the Bhagavad-Gita, the most important work of Indian sacred literature. Mahayana Buddhism,Branch of Buddhism followed in China, Japan, and Central Asia. The focus is on reverence for Buddha and for bodhisattvas, enlightened persons who have postponed nirvana to help others attain enlightenment.
Capital of Angkor; remains give sense of magnificence; destroyed by Thai in 1432 who had migrated into region from SW China
Worlds's largest religious building- it was built in the Khmer Empire and dedicated to the Hindu God, Vishnu.
"sub-castes"; the castes were divided into hundreds of these; usually linked with a certain occupation; unchangeable, you had to be in that group for the rest of your life
Indian Ocean Basin
marine trade zone that connected East Africa, the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia, China, Korea, and Japan
city that was the center of trade in the Indian Ocean; traders came from as far away as Europe (and was strategically located on the southern coast of India)
Sumatra, Java, and the Strait of Malacca in Indonesia which were the centers of spice trade. These islands were mostly controlled by Islam