WIT Finals Study Guide

_____ had the fewest Protestant followers.
The Inquisition
_____ was an attempt by the Roman Catholic Church to eliminate heresy.
Henry VIII
_____ created the Anglican Church.
English political economists
David Ricardo and Thomas Malthus were _____.
The U.S. is allies with Israel
The U.S. is concerned about what is happening in Iran because _____.
Russia was protecting their southern front and Britain was protecting India
Russia and Great Britain were interested in Iran from 1794 to 1900 because _____.
Built factories, roads, and railroads, strengthened the army, and westernized Iran
When Reza Khan overthrew the shah in 1925, he _____.
Changes in farming
The Agricultural Revolution refers to _____.
Jews and traitors (in their own land)
The Nazis blamed _____ for Germany's defeat in WWI.
Concentration camps
Auschwitz and Dachau were _____.
Florence, Italy
The Renaissance began in _____.
Prior to WWI, _____ had the most extensive imperialistic empire in Europe.
Started WWII
Militarism, WWI, Alliances, Imperialism, and an assassination all _____.
Normandy is located in _____.
Conferences planning for the end of WWII
Yalta and Potsdam were _____.
The attacks on Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941 was the date of _____.
It was corrupt
Martin Luther protested against the Catholic Church because _____.
The people overthrow the government (ex. The French Revolution)
A coup d'etat is when _____.
The extreme cold temperatures and an unprepared army (food, clothing, etc.)
Napoleon wasn't successful in his attempt to defeat Russia because of _____.
Stop Communism from spreading
The purpose of the Truman Doctrine was to _____.
India was a colony of _____ just prior to 1947.
Determined to maintain control and that order was more important that freedom
The Tiananmen Square incident seemed to teach that the Chinese Communist government was _____.
ended the absolute monarchy in France
The French Revolution _____.
Outlawed war but was powerless to stop it
Set goals for war and the postwar world
The Kellogg-Briand Pact _____, and the Atlantic Charter _____.
They can grow crops for food and money
Arable land is important for a nation to have in great quantities so _____.
It was unequal.
The British-Chinese trading relationship lead to a war between these two nations because _____.
It almost toppled the Qing dynasty and killed 20-30 million.
The Taiping Rebellion was considered to be so devastating to China because _____.
Gained the support of peasants, women, and educated Chinese hoping for new ideas.
The Communists were successful in taking over the government of China because they _____.
It favored the British
The Treaty of Nanjing was considered "unfair" because _____.
They didn't want to get involved and/or impact trade
The U.S.'s response to the "carving up of China" should be interpreted that _____.
_____ is the main religion in India.
Increase farm and industrial output
The purpose of the "Great Leap Forward" was to _____.
He wanted to purge China of bourgeois and nonrevolutionary tendencies.
Mao Zedong launched the Cultural Revolution because _____.
They were afraid of Communism spreading
The United States was concerned when China became a Communist country because _____.
They wanted to trade.
The western powers were interested in 19th-century China because _____.
Gandhi's Great Salt March
_____ was the best example of civil disobedience in India.
Improving roads, medical care, the postal service, and by building railroads.
British officials improved the lives of people in India by _____.
Britian, Belgium, France, Portugal, Italy, and Germany
The nations that competed for colonial empires in Africa in the last half of the 19th century were _____.
It brought new western ways to their cities
Imperialism was beneficial to some colonized people because _____.
Maintain water levels and to produce hydroelecricity
China build the Three Gorges Dam to _____.
The Great Depression, unemployment, and the Treaty of Versailles
_____ led to Hitler's rise to power.
Hilly conditions and bad weather
Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo because of _____.
They wanted an anti-Communist shah as an ally against Russia
The U.S. helped Muhammad Reza Pahlavi overthrow Muhammad Mossadiq because _____.
They were "very persuasive"
The Maxim Gun helped further the ideas of imperialism because _____.
There was no way the African leaders could win
The African rulers submitted to the imperialists without incidents because _____.
75+ million killed, the beginning of the UN, and a "divided Europe"
The results of WWII were _____.
1916 and 1918
WWI occured between _____.
A government centered around religious beliefs
A theocracy is _____.
_____ became several nations after WWI.
The United States
_____ was ironically not a member of the League of Nations.
The modern (trench) warfare
WWI was different from all previous wars because of _____.
The Allies were given a much-needed moral boost
_____ because the U.S. joined WWI.
It caused suspicions
The Alliance system of the late 19th century and early 20th century threatened world peace because _____.
Hated the West and the shah had recently been allowed into the U.S. for medical treatment
Following the Islamic Revolution, Iran seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran because _____.
Negotiate disputes rather than resort to war (to be as peaceful as possible)
The "aims" of the League of Nations were to _____.
The selling of indulgences, fees for services, lavish liffestyles for Popes (worldly, corrupt affairs)
The causes of the Protestant Reformation were _____.
The joining of nations to defend one another (ex. Berlin Airlift)
Collective security is _____.
Limited Communism
Strengthened democracy
The Truman Doctrine _____, the Marshall Plan _____.
Seclude Jews (eventually making genocide legal through small laws)
The purpose of the Nuremburg Laws was to _____.
The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
_____ happened on August 6th and 9th of 1945.
Franklin Roosevelt
The leader of the U.S. during the majority of WWI was _____.
They thought he could be controlled (?)
The U.S. and other European powers didn't stop Hitler before a war could begin because _____.
A limited monarchy, political parties, the cabinet, and the office of the Prime Minister
The Glorious Revolution resulted in _____.
Indians were forbidden to touch the salt in the sea and they had to buy it from the British
Gandhi and his followers were arrested and jailed
Gandhi began the Great Salt March because _____, and when it ended, _____.
Encouraging competition and disunity
The British exploited the diversity of the people of India in the 19th century by _____.
Passive resistance and nonviolence
Gandhi's main strategy in his attempt to gain independence for India was _____.
He was interested in botany, anatomy, optics, music, architechture, and engineering, in addition to art
Leonardo daVinci was considered to be a well-rounded man of many talents because _____.
The many things he achieved by himself
Martin Luther's efforts are proof that one person can make a difference because of _____.
Francis Ferdinand assassinated
The Treaty of Versailles
Hitler comes to power
Japan invades China in the 20th century
Pearl Harbor is bombed
India gains independence from Britain
Cuban Missile Crisis
Yalta Conference
China becomes Communist
Shah of Iran is forced to flee