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Chapter 12 Sec 2 The Mongol Conquests
Terms in this set (9)
The Mongol Empire
controlled diverse people from China to Europe used superior military skill and technology horseback cavalry and short compound bows to expand empire reopened trade between China and the West along Silk Road
Primary cause of conflict between steppe nomads and settled communities
nomads would raid settled communities due to scarcities and hardship the acquired pasture for herds and resources
How did Genghis Khan unite the Mongols
terrorized enemies fought and defeated rivals one by one driven by rage
What traits enabled Genghis Khan to conquer most of Asia
brilliant organizer gifted strategist cruelty he adopted advanced weapons and technology of enemies
Into what 4 khanates did the Mongol Empire split ?
the Khanate of the Great Khan (Mongolia and China) The Khanate of Chagatai (central Asia) The Ilkhanate (Persia) Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russia)
How did Mongols rule?
ferocious in war tolerant in peace first wiped out infrastructure irrigation and population then adapted the culture because they didn't have one of their own
How did the cultural differences among the Khanates eventually effect the empire?
lead to the split of the empire the Khanates were no longer like each other
from mid 1200s - mid 1300s mongols imposed stability and law and order across much of Eurasia guaranteed safe passage for trade caravans travelers and missionaries
How did this peace affect trade and cultural interaction?
trade between Europe and Asia had never been more active chinese inventions reached Europe such as gunpowder cutural diffusion possibly spread bubonic plague that devastated Europe in 1300s
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