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SS Chapter 7 Review
Terms in this set (31)
Patriot leader and the author of the Federalist Papers
improve / Context: At the Constitutional Convention, some leaders were in favor of amending, or improving, the Articles of Confederation.
An agreement between two or more sides in which each side gives up some of what it wants
A meeting / Context: In September 1786 Alexander Hamilton called for a convention in Philadelphia to discuss trade issues. This convention is also known as the Constitutional Convention where national leaders came together to reshape the government.
A period when economic activity slows and unemployment increases. / Context: After the Revolutionary War, the United States experienced a depression. The little money the government did have went to pay foreign debts, resulting in a serious currency shortage.
House of Representative
How many members each state has in the House of Representatives is determined by that state's population
The "Father of the Constitution"
The freeing of individual enslaved persons. / Context: The Revolutionary War brought attention to the contradiction between the American battle for liberty (aka freedom) and the practice of slavery. In the North many states passed laws that encouraged manumission but the country remained divided on the issue of slavery. This division happened at the same time that many American leaders decided that the Articles of Confederation needed to be strengthened.
Comparable or equivalent in size
Context: American farmers suffered because they could not sell their goods. They had trouble paying the money requested by the states to pay back the Revolutionary War debts. As a result state officials seized farmers' lands to pay their debts and threw many farmers in jail. / Cause: The Massachusetts government raised taxes that resulted in the foreclosure of many farms. / Shay's Rebellion is a series of protests in 1786 and 1787 by American farmers against state and local enforcement of tax collections and judgments of debt. Shay's Rebellion proved that the Articles of Confederation did not work to solve the problems of the new nation.
The Great Compromise
Context: At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates has to decide if they were going to revise the Articles of Confederation or write a constitution for a new national government. / Determined that each state would have two senators but the representation in the House would be based on each state's population. / Need to Know: Called for a bicameral (two-chambered) legislature
The New Jersey Plan
Called for a one-house legislature where ALL states would have the same number of votes / Main Issue: Representation of states in the federal legislature
The Virginia Plan
Proposed a strong national government with two houses. In both houses the number of representatives would be proportional, or corresponding in size, to the population of each state. / Main Issue: Representation of states in the federal legislature
Context: At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates had to decide how to count enslaved people. / Three-fifths of the slaves population was to be counted for representation in the House of Representatives
something added to a document / Context: In Virginia, Patrick Henry claimed that the Constitution did not sufficiently limit the power of the central government. As a result, the Bill of Rights was amended to the Constitution.
Baron de Montesquieu
Enlightenment author who declared that the powers of government should be separated and balanced
Checks and Balances
- The system where each branch of government can control or limit the other two branches. - May declare state and federal laws unconstitutional - Ex. Impeachment
Includes the House of Representatives and Senate
- A group of presidential electors that elect the president and vice president - Created by the Founding Fathers of the Constitution because they feared that voters would not choose a president wisely - Method that the president of the United States is elected by
- Enforces the laws - Headed by the president - Can reject, or veto, a bill
The sharing of power between the federal and state governments / Context: The Constitution created a federal system of government that divided powers between the national, or federal, government and the states.
Enlightenment author who developed the idea that government is based on an agreement between the leader and the people
- Has the power to declare laws unconstitutional - Deals with the court system
- Makes the laws - Congress
Powers shared by the state AND the federal government - Ex. Power to taze, to try those accused of crimes, and to provide money to build roads
Powers that only belong to the federal government
Powers of the government not directly stated in the Constitution
The government acts with the people's permission through elected officials
introduction / Context: The Preamble to the Constitution reflects the basic idea of American government - the right of the people to govern themselves
The people elect representatives and give them the responsibility to make laws and conduct government
Powers of the Constitution left exclusively to the states
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Prefix - 'Non-' (Not)
Root Words - 'Ped,' 'Pod' (foot)
Root Words - 'Aud,' 'Audi' (hear)
Root Words - Cred (believe)