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66 terms

World History Vocab 1-3

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prehistory
long period of time before people invented writing
anthropology
story of learning about origins and development of people and their living
culture
the way of life or society. Includes; practices, beliefs, and values
archaeology
study of people from the past and their culture, and cultural remains
Mark Leakey
an anthropologist, searched for clues of the human past in deep canyon in Tanaznia
Olduvai Gorge
dates back to 1.7 and 2.1 million years age. Leakeys searched here for human past
Donald Johnson
an anthropologist. Found hominids in 1974. Named one of the hominids he found "Lucy" after a Beatles song
nomad
early, modern people who move from place to place to find food
animism
what many scholars thought our ancestors believe the world was like and full of
neolithic revolution
the transformation from nomadic to farming life. during this revolution people created new technology, and came up with new skills
domesticate
to raise something in a controlled way, that makes them more suitable for human life
catalhuyuk
one of the first Neolithic villages (located in modern day Turkey)
traditional economy
an economy that relies on habit, ritual, and custom things that do not change
steppe
less fertile land. only dry grasslands, nomadic herders tend cattle and sheep
polytheistic
religion most ancient people were. believing in many gods
pictograph
an object that represents
scribe
a specially trained person who can read and write
cultural diffusion
spreading of ideas, customs, and technology from one person to another
empire
group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
fertile crescent
region of the middle east, known for rich soil and golden wheat fields
mesopotamia
land that lies between the fertile crescent
sumer
place where worlds civilization developed
ziggurat
large stepped platform
cuneiform
earliest know writing system
Hammurabi
king of babylon. controlled down most of mesopotamia
civil law
branch of law that has private rights and matters
Nebuchadnezzar
aggressive and ruthless second king
barter economy
exchanged goods or services for another good or service
Zoroaster
religious Persian thinker
delta
triangular area of land formed by deposits or silt and other materials at the mouth of the river
bureaucracy
system of government that includes departments and ideas of authority
vizier
pharaohs chief master
amon
great lord of the gods
osiris
the god most egyptians related to
akenhaten
devoted his life to the worship of aton.
rosetta stone
black tablet that presents the same passage in hieroglyphics
abraham
man that lived near mesopotamia
david
the strong wise second king of isreal
solomon
davids son
patriarchal
isrealite society
diaspora
the spreading of jews
subcontinent
large landmark that comes out of another continent
monsoon
seasonal wind that regularly blows from a certain direction for a part of the year
harappa
city that archaeologists found in the 1920's
veneration
of/or special regard for cattle
acculturation
blending of two or more cultures
vedas
collection of gyms,chants, rituals, and instructions
rajan
someone who is the most skilled war leader
indra
a god that many people related more to. weapon is the thunderbolt
brahman
single religious or spiritual power that exists beyond many gods
mystics
practiced meditation
atman
an essential self
animsa
nonviolence
castes
social group or groups of people
sect
group
dissent
ideas that are opposed those of the government
loess
fine windblown yellow soil
dynastic cycle
rise or fall of dynasties
feudalism
system of government
confucius
chinese thinker. his teachings were very popular and spread across asia
laozi
chinese thinker, put forward ideas on how to change social order
Shi Huangdi
founder of the Qin dynasty and China's first emperor
Wudi
Chinese emperor who brought the Han dynasty to its greatest strength
expansionism
expanding a country's territory
civil servants
officials in the government
warlords
regional learders with their own armies who control areas