Nail Theory and Artificial Nails
Terms in this set (75)
The part of the nail plate that extends over the tip of the finger or toe.
The portion of living skin that supports the nail plate.
The thin layer of tissues that attaches nerves to the nail plate.
The living skin at the base of the nail plate, covering the matrix area.
The slightly thickened layer of skin that lies between the fingertip and the free edge of the natural nail plate.
The tough band of fibrous tissue that connects bones or holds an organ in place.
What determines health and shape of nails?
1/8 inch per month
What is the average rate of nail growth in the normal adult.
A client with skin or nails that are infected, inflamed, or swollen should be referred to?
A nail condition in which blood clots form under the nail plate due to a small injury of the nail plate.
Nails with a noticeably thin, white nail plate that are more flexible than normal nails.
Visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate that are the result of a major illness or injury.
Redness, pain and swelling are signs of?
White spots on the nails, that are caused by minor damage to the matrix.
A dark band within the nail plate extending from the base to the free edge due to increased pigmentation.
Split or brittle nails with a series of lengthwise ridges and a rough appearance to the surface of the nail plate.
Uneven growth and age
What causes, ridges that run vertically down the natural nail plate?
The naturally occurring skin bacterium that can grow out of control and cause nail infections, incorrectly referred to as mold.
Any deformity or disease of the nails in general.
Lifting of the nail plate from the bed without shedding is a sign of?
Common term for Tinea pedis.
An implement similar to a nail clipper that is used on nail tips.
Cutting nail tips with a nail or toenail clipper will cause the nail tip to weaken and?
Shallow depressions that serve as contact points for nail tips and the natural nail.
Cuticle to free edge
How should the brush be stroked when removing dust from the natural nail plate?
Sidewall to sidewall
Properly sized nail tips for a client should cover nail plate from ______ to ______.
Stop, Rock, Hold
What is a technique used to apply nail tips?
How should the product be applied near eponychium, sidewalls, and free edge; to produce a natural looking nail?
After Every client
How often should the soaking solution for the finger bowl should be replaced?
The loose and pliable overlapping skin around the nail.
Caused by improper filing, injuries or harsh chemicals.
The disorder in which the nail grows into the edge grooves causing ingrown nails.
Remove the artificial nail
What you should do if a fungus is found prior to a fill-in service?
A thickening of the nail plate or an abnormal outgrowth of the nail.
Caused by systemic, long-term illness or nervous condition.
Another term for Onychauxis.
Hot oil or Cream manicuring
What brittle nails or dry, aging hands can benefit from?
Attached at the base of the nail, under the skin and inside the mantle.
An implement that shortens, shapes and smooths rough edges of the natural nail.
From the nail base to free edge
How nail polish should be applied?
Refer client to a physician
Upon the discovery of a nail fungus on a client's hands or feet what should you do?
The nail structure that overlaps the lunula at the base of the nail.
Indented vertical lines down the nail plate that may be caused by illness or injury.
Indicated by an increased curvature of the nail.
Where the nail matrix and nail bed meet
Area that causes the lunula ( half-moon shape at base of nail) to appear white.
Product that may be used to remove nail stains.
The deep pocket-like structure that holds the root and the matrix of the nail.
An Orangewood stick wrapped in cotton, saturated in polish remover.
Used to remove excess polish at the edge of the nail.
The skin that touches, overlaps and surrounds the nail.
Refer to a physician
If signs of tinea pedis are present such as, itching and peeling of the skin on the feet; you should.
The active tissue that generates cells that harden as they move outward from the root to the nail.
What attaches the nail bed to the bone.
A condition where blood is trapped under the nail.
Prior to polishing nails
The appropriate time to offer a hand massage during a manicure.
The fold of skin on either side of the nail groove is called?
Can be avoided by trimming toenails straight across.
The tracks on either side of the nail that the nail moves as it grows.
Condition that is the result of an overly dry, split cuticle.
The technical name for the disease referred to as ringworm of the nail.
Before applying base coat
The appropriate time to remove any traces of oil, lotion or cream when performing a manicure.
the base coat
The nail polish (color) is applied over what?
The nail tip adhesive used to secure the nail tip to the natural nail.
Nail enhancements made by using nail-size pieces of cloth or paper.
The product used to coat and secure fabric wraps to the natural nail and nail tip.
Fabric wraps are made from silk, fiberglass and:
Nail tips are softened with acetone or tip remover and are:
Sculptured nails are created by combining monomer liquid with?
Bead of product
As monomer liquid absorbs polymer powder, the chemical interaction produces a small:
When applying nail enhancements, surface moisture and natural oils left on the nail plate will:
2 to 3 weeks
Time frame proper maintenance of nail enhancements should be done.
A dehydrant is used when applying nail tips to help remove moisture and oil to prevent the growth of:
Protect the tip of the finger
The purpose of the free edge.
Special containers used to hold monomer liquid and polymer powder that minimizes contamination and evaporation.
1/3 to 1/2
How much of the nail bed should be covered by a nail tip?
UV gel polish
An Alternative to traditional nail lacquer.
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