Windows Operating System Fundamentals
Managing Applications, Services, Folders, and Libraries
Terms in this set (23)
An infrastructure (directory) that stores information and objects. An object can be a file, a printer, a computer, a user account, or other entities.
A program that runs "on top" of the operating system or from a server, and
helps a user perform a specific task, such as word processing, appointment scheduling, or accounting.
Using Group Policy, you can _______an application to all users or computers in a designated site, domain, organizational unit (OU), or to a local, individual user or computer.
BitLocker Drive Encryption
Encrypts an entire fixed disk to prevent access by unauthorized users.
The process of decreasing the size of files or folders without affecting the files content.
When you're logged on to Windows and attempt to open an encrypted file, Windows retrieves your personal _______, decodes the file's unique encryption key, and uses that key to decode the contents of the file.
Encrypting File System (EFS)
Allow users to encrypt information on hard disks, external flash disks, CDs, DVDs, backup tapes, and other types of physical media. Encrypted (EFS) files and folders are displayed in green in
Protects the contents of files and folders from unauthorized access.
An __________ is a security measure that turns data into an unreadable cipher through complex algorithms.
A table that the operating system uses to locate files on a disk. Due to Fragmentation, a file may be divided into many sections that are scattered around the disk.
The 32-bit version of the FAT file system. Employed on Windows PCs prior to the more advanced NTFS file system, the _____format is widely used for USB drives, flash memory cards and external hard drives for compatibility on all platforms (Windows, Mac, Linux, Android tablets, etc.).
The overall structure your computer uses to name, store, and organize files and folders on a hard disk or partition.
A collection of settings (policies) stored in Active Directory on a Windows network.
Group Policy Object
A collection of settings that define what a system will look like and how it will behave for a defined group of users. You can think of _____ as policy documents that apply their settings to the computers and users within their control.
Programs, either at the local level or the network level. A local installation results in the software files running directly from a computer. Installing over a network generally means the software files are made available from an application server on a network.
A virtual folder that can display content from different locations (folders, for example) on your computer or an external drive.
Application that are installed on the local computer.
Also known as the System Configuration utility , lets you enable or disable
startup services, set boot options such as booting into Safe Mode, access tools like Action Center and Event Viewer, and more. You'll use this utility mainly to troubleshoot startup problems with Windows.
Programs and Features
Applet in Control Panel to uninstall a local application from a Windows 7 computer.
If you publish an application to users, the next time a user logs on, he can choose to install the software from a dialog box that appears.
Services run in the background, essentially helping the operating system work with other programs.
System Configuration utility
app within windows that allows you to configure items on 5 tabs: general, boot, services, startup, tools
BitLocker To Go
Protects removable drives, such as external flash drives. You can encrypt drives with BitLocker in Windows Ultimate and Enterprise editions only.
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