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The initial step for treatment of leukoplakias
remove any causative agents and see if healing occurs
If a leaukoplakia is benign with dysplasia, then what is treatment?
removal is alwasy necessary to see if lesion is reoccuring
3 oral manifestations similar in all types of anemia
-pallor of the oral tissue
-erythrmatous smooth painful tongue
Plummer Vinson syndrome includes what symptoms
difficulty swallowing, atrophy of upper ailementary tract, presidposition to develop cancer
This condition is different from squamous cell carcinoma in that there is no invasion through the basement memebrane
Carcincoma In Situ
Lesions of syphilis
secondary- highly infectious
tertiary- not infectious
Varicella zoster virus, epstein barr virus, cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex viruses are all from what family of viruses?
human herpes virus HHV
Cafe au lait spots are seen in which 3 diseases?
craniofacial dysplasia, jaffes disease and albrights disease
sulfur granules in abscesses is characteristic of
actinomycosis - which is caused by filamentous bacterium
disordered growth and maturation of cells with increased risk for malignant transformation; if in epethelium it is premalignant is the definition
A well-defined radiopaque mass that is in continuity with the root or roots of an affected tooth, obliterates the apex , and has radiolucent halo
on a radiograph , what helps differentiate between a dentigerous cyst and an adenomatoid odontogenic tumor that is associated with an impacted tooth?
The AOT extends beyonfd the CEJ and can involve 50-60% of the root
A slow growing salivary gland neoplasm. More common in females in 5-6th generation of life, aggressive locally and biggest worry is extension to the brain
Adenoid cystic carcinoma
Erythema Multiforme is often triggered by a drug reaction T or F
False- unknown but seen with certain viruses
antibodies are produced that react with desmosomes (intraepithelial) in what autoimmune disease
the cause and common location of necrotizing sialodinitis
loss of blood supply to minor salivary glands
located on hard palate off the midline
most common benign salivary gland neoplasm and location
common on the palate intraorally, parotid extraorally
most common routes of spread of oral carcinoma
lateral border and ventral tongue followed by oropharynx, floor of the mouth, gingiva, buccal mucosa,, lip and palate
a clinical term descrptive of a white patch on the oral mucosa that cannot be scraped off and cannot be classified as any other clinically diagnosable disease
gentle pressure with movement on clinically normal mucosa causing cleavage of epithelium and a bulla is called
Etiology of hairy tongue
unknown, may be increase in keratin or decrease in desquamation. often seen in HIV
cafe au lait spots are seen in what 3 diseases
craniofacial fibrous dysplasia, Albrights disease and Jaffe's disease
increase blood calcium decreased phosphorus, and abnormal bone metabolism are used to diagnose what disease
koplik's spots are
small erythematous macules with white necrotic centers that occur in the oral cavity
inherited anemia resulting from abnormal hemoglobin in RBC's and occurs when oxygen is decreased
sickle cell anemia
benign odontogenicc tumor that is locally aggressive, has high recurrence rate, multi or unilocular in molar ramus area
3 characteristics of cells within malignant tumors
poorly differentiated, invasive, unencapsulated, mitotic
what age, race, sex and location typically describe the cementoma AKA periapical cemental dysplasia
+30, black, female, anterior mandible
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