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44 terms

Cultural Anthropology

STUDY
PLAY
Kin
Group of people related by blood or marriage; recognized as relatives
Kindred
All of the relatives of a given individual; recognition is key
Affinal Kin
Related through marriage to a new family unit
Consanguinial Kin
Related by birth, not being married into a family
Endogamy
Marry inside the kin group (excepting nuclear family members)
Exogamy
Marry outside the kin group (sometimes characterized as an extension of the incest
taboo)
Fruto Corre
Filmmaker of At Home at Sea in 2006
Bajau
Unusual people and are well known in the Anthropological field; Live in boats and huts on the ocean, many have never set foot on land; Involved in many ethnic conflicts; The Sama and the Badjau are two marginalized groups
Tausug
Belief that they are the reason for conflict; wants to take over authority and the Sama village; seen as disrespectful, arrogant; If they chose to leave, they would ban the Tausugs from their new area
Ifugao
Mountains of Water focused on these people who lived on Luzon Island, Philippines; studied the Bulol (Carvings) / Religion and Colonialism
Siquijor Island
Island that Dumont and his wife stayed on for a year in 1980 to 1981; Visayan Vignettes
Camingawan
The village Auntie Diding lives in
Postmodernism
Belief that human societies are dynamic and changing organizations that change according to current circumstances and are internally contradictory; one cannot remain truly objective in their studies; more of an fragmented view on a certain culture; collect stories from the many different individuals from the culture they are studying to create a collective portrayal in their ethnography
Colonialism
Exploitation by a stronger country of weaker one; Spain and America in the PI
Post-colonialism
When the legacy of colonial rule prevents a former colony from achieving full sovereignty, complete self determination, economic and political independence.
Trobriand Cricket
Spanish brought cricket to the Trobriand Islands; indigenous people formed their own sport by making changes to the original sport formed by the British to create a game appropriated for their people; social competition between tribes
Jean-Paul Dumont
an anthropologist studying the people in the Philippine Island of Siquijor; travels with wife Elli who helps him in his study of the activities that go on in this small village
Ongka
Uses balanced reciprocity and exchanges gift for either money or other pigs; believed that if you did not have any pigs then you were rubbish; prepares for five years to round up and care for the hundreds of pigs in order to achieve a sort of social superiority status among other Big Men of the tribes
Moka
Ceremonial gift exchange of pigs balanced on balanced reciprocity; Headmen have many roles and are individually recognized; Pigs are valued differently according to their contributor; value cannot be stored; it is realized only by the act of exchange
Kwelka
...
Sama
Marginalized group; Islamic; Involved in the Sama-Badjau Revolving Fund where they all meet to become part of the cooperative, so that they may be able to get loans to improve their living conditions
Dumont's Criticisms of Modernism
Culture is fragmented and often contradictory; tend to force coherence; reduce complex individuals into simplistic character; cannot capture the coherence and the continuity of cultural rhetoric, values, and lived experiences; political consequences.
Imperialism
The creation and maintenance of an unequal political, economic, and cultural relationship between territories, often between the dominant country and the less-powerful one
Neolocal
Both bride and groom leave home (US)
Virilocal
Bride goes to groom's family's home
Uxorilocal
Groom goes to bride's family's home
Avunculocal
Both bride and groom go to groom's uncle's family's home
Bilocal
Bride and groom go to either family but are not independent
Duolocal
Separate residences are maintained
Patrilineal
Tracing family lines through the males, or the fathers of the kin group
Highlanders vs Lowlanders
Highlanders are more loyal and resistant to change (culture and stuff) and lowlanders are not so loyal and do change (adaption); Highlanders are loyal, tenacious, unyielding, independent, persevering and politically marginal (vs lowlanders)
Two Paths of Colonialism
Establishment of settler colonies (send out their own population to settle territory; Administrative Dependencies (colonizers make the native people administratively dependent on them through military force)
Cultural Appropriation
Taking a cultural practice of one culture and making it their own; ex. cricket replacing of killing each other; war paint, war dances, how you decorate yourself; reflects what happened to them in the past
Visayas
Range of dialects used in the Philippines; No set language in the Philippines
Auntie Diding
Dumont's main character in the book; The widow whom he stays with during his year on the island of Siquijor, she welcomed them into her home and provided information on the way of life on the island for Dumont
Minay Dalugdug
Married to Ned Pasco
Balbal
A bloodsucking possessed person/spirit; Auntie Diding attempts to "scare" Dumont and this eventually turns into an inside joke that they have between them
Gugma
Intimacy and harmony were the two most important components of the gugma; "as courting devices"
Dalaga pa
An unmarried woman or man in the Philippines; Not yet ready for marriage
Ulaw
Word for a person who is shy or bears shame to their name
Oyo Dagatan
Auntie Diding's first son; the biggest responsibility; Auntie Diding speaks to him as an equal; The more serious of the two brothers
Tropio Quilicot
Educated; did not want to remarry after his wife died so his children can be happy
Ned Pasco
Fisherman and entrepreneur on the island of Siquijor; Member of the higher class and he is a respected name around the island; Married to a nurse named Minay
Soy Duhaylungod
The "man" of Auntie Diding's household, grandson; only one capable to fish and learned the traits from his father, the husband of Auntie Diding's eldest daughter