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payments for war damage


territories that were administered by western powers


after WW1, this came in 1981 which made everything worse; it killed more than 20 million people

Woodrow Wilson

one of the Big Three; wanted his Fourteen Points to be the basis of the peace; wanted to create a League of Nations to guarantee peace for the future

David Lloyd George

one of the Big Three; British prime minister; promised he would build Britain "fit for heroes"

George Clemenceau

one of the Big Three; french leader; nickname "the Tiger"; wanted to weaken Germany so it wouldn't threaten France

Vittorio Orlando

prime minister of Italy; wanted to gain Italy lands that were once ruled by Austria-Hungary

League of Nations

Wilson's dream to guarantee peace for the future

Treaty of Versailles

Germany had to sign this because they had no choice; it said that Germany was the cause of the war, had to pay huge reparations, hads to pay pensions for Allied soldiers or their families, and it lost hundreds of square miles of territory

Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia

Baltic states; once ruled byGermany, Austria, and Russia


regained independence after more than 100 years of foreign rule

Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungay

rose in the old Hapsburg heartland


in the Balkans, peacekeepers created this new South Slav state

self determination

the principle in international law that nations have the right to freely choose their sovereignty and international political status with no external compulsion or interference

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