history study guide
Terms in this set (45)
what caused wwI?
militarism, alliances, imperialism, nationalism
what alliances divided europe in 1914? what countries were in the central alliance?
triple entente: france, russia, england
central powers: germany, bulgaria, ottoman empire, austria-hungary
what crisis sparked the start of wwI?
franz Ferdinand was assinated
why did germany threaten to sink all ships in british waters? why did this announcement push the US to declare war?
it was in the war zone
what did the zimmerman note reveal about germanys plans?
they were going to start a war with mexico using submarine warfare
What was fighting like during wwI?
-rats lice cold wet gas
what was it like for americans during the war?
anyone could be drafted into war
money was being lost
how did the government finance the war?
how did the government build support for the war?
What new opportunities did the war offer to women
nurses cooks laundry
what was wilsons 14 points?
to make peace after war
what were some weaknesses of the treaty of versailles? why did germany object? how did it affect germany?
germany was humiliated because they had to take sole responsibility for the war and pay reparations
why did america move toward isolationism?
americans were getting fearful and they pulled out of war affairs
how did americans react to the perceived threat of communism? how was palmer involved?
palmer starting accusing random people of being involved with communism and citizens were panicked and some were going on trial
how did the anti immigration sentiment strengthen the ku klux klan attack on ethnic and religious minorities?
people were threatened to join them
why was the kellogg briand act ineffective?
announced a no war policy but was never enforced
explain the teapot dome scandal.
Albert Fall leased 2 oil companies (land) which was illegal
how did the installment plan fuel a superficial prosperity?
everyone thought the time was good when in reality they were in a depression
how did the stock market crash help cause the great depression?
too many people went to withdraw money at the same time and they ran out of money
what happened to banks and businesses in the economic collapse?
many of them went out of business
how did the great depression affect other countries?
other countries went into a depression because we were in a depression and they lost our trade
why did people in cities live in shacks and wait in bread lines
they lost their money in the crash
why did many farm families leave their land during the depression?
people were forced off because they couldnt afford it and they lost all their money
how did the dust bowl affect society?
simple tasks like eating sleeping and working were not so easy anymore, they couldnt see anything
what happened to the bonus army? how did the treatment of the army affect hoover?
they wanted to get their bonus early to pay for food and clothing for their family but the government wouldnt let them
what was the new deal?
roosevelts way of alleviating problems from the great depression
what were the goals of hitler, mussolini, and stalin?
what did the nazis do to the jews after taking power?
nazis kidnapped jews and put them in concentration camps
how did the formation of the axis alliance affect the US?
axis had powerful countries in their alliance but they were the enemies
how did roosevelt help the allies before 1941?
provided them with supplies
what did the germans do that threatened roosevelts lend lease program?
submarine warfare to protect the allies
how did the US end up in an undeclared war with germany?
what event caused FDR to declare the war?
japan bombed pearl harbor
what contributions did women make in the war?
sew uniforms make socks and cooked
what happened in the war in north africa?
italians and germans invaded
what happened after the allies invaded italy?
italy fell and became part of the allies
what was d-day?
invasion of normandy france-june 6
what happened to hitler at the end of the war?
describe the strategy the US adopted in fighting japan.
created an atomic bomb
why did the japanese fight so hard on iwo jima and okinawa?
didnt want US to get close to mainland
didnt want to surrender
how did women contribute to the war effort but were still treated unequally?
didnt get paid an equal price
why were there japanese internment camps?
to keep them all in one place
why was the double v campaign created?
won over japan
won over race
what was the Manhattan project?
they developed the atomic bomb
what is genocide and where did it occur during wwI?
crimes committed against groups in germany
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