39 terms

New testament

Roman governor that Paul was tried before in Caesarea where he was accused for heresy, sacrilege, and treason. Lasted for about two years, and Felix was eventually recalled back to Rome
Governor that replaced Felix in Caesarea. Wanted to win favor with the Jews so he proposed moving Paul's trial to Jerusalem where he knew Paul would be tried unfairly. Paul refused and appealed the motion to Caesar. The appeal was granted because of Paul's rights as a Roman citizen
King Agrippa
Because Paul's appeal was granted. He then testifies in front of King Agrippa. Paul testifies of his former persecution of the saints, his conversion story, appearance of Jesus Christ on damascus road. Agrippa is almost persuaded to become christian
means useful, profitable. a slave who had robbed his master, Philemon, and ran away to Rome. Taught by paul and converted to the Church. belonged to Philemon, a friend of Paul. Sent him back to his master to be forgiven and taken back
a fellow-worker with paul. visiting him in prison at Rome. as the bearer of gifts from the Philippians and taking back with him the epistle to the Philippians. A messenger from the Philippian church who ministered to Paul. Paul's referred to him as his "brother, and fellow worker, and fellow soldier" (Phil 2:25) fell sick but Paul was able to cure him
Philemon was a resident of Colossae, a city near Ephesus, and appears to have been converted by Paul. He seems also to have been a zealous member, who generously lent his house and means for the use of the church. A private letter about Onesimus, a slave who had robbed his master, Philemon, and runs away from home. Philemon = "one who kisses"
Simon Magus
The "sorcerer" from Acts 8 is thought to be the leader of the Gnostic movement. His disciple Menander preached simon's gnostic teachings. was the Hellenization of Christianity.
perfection-means to be complete
(see justification above) To set apart for sacred use. to make holy; purify. To make productive of holiness of spiritual blessing. (Etymology) alteration of seintifien was middle english. Justification is cleaning the bucket and sanctification is filling the bucket with grace and goodness
The law of consecration
Often called law pertaining to material aid-but it is much more than that. If we give all-we give the best in us. We give our Time, Talent, Means to be the Lord.
half brother of Christ. english version of the Hebrew Jacob. Known as James the Just. occupied an important position in the Church of Jerusalem. Wrote the book of James. First Bishop of Jerusalem. Christ appeared to him after the resurrection. paul called him a "pillar" in the Church. Paul on his first post-conversion visit to jerusalem, saw James. When Peter was rescued from prison, wanted his men to tell james. Leader in Jerusalem Council. Jude could identify himself as "a brother James" because he was so well known.
The Pastoral Epistles
Titus, 1 & 2 Timothy.
faith is belief, faith is trust, faith is power, faith is loyalty, faith is a belief system. faith can become power--"wherefore, by faith was the law of Moses given. But in the gift of his Son hath god prepared a more excellent way; and it is by faith that is hath been fulfilled." faith is something you have to feel to understand. faith is wanting what Jesus Christ wants and doing what He does. Faith is the power by which eternal life is obtained.
to meet the standard
calling and election
(BD) theological term primarily denoting God's choice of the house of Israel to be the covenant people with privileges and responsibilities, that they might become means of blessing to the whole world. No one is unconditionally elected to eternal life. Those who are faithful and diligent in this life
Via Egnatia
road constructed by the Romans. crosses the roman provinces
he captive letters
Philemon, Colossians, Ephesians, Philippians
Jesus' brothers
James, Joses, Simon and Jude
which means knowledge. Basic tenants-dualism: spirit is good, body is evil: physical activities such as eating and sexual relations are bad. There are intermediaries between God and mortals: others besides God were worshipped. salvation comes by secret knowledge
Son of a Greek father and Jewish Mother (Eunice) living at Lystra. Circumcised by Paul in order to be of greater use for missionary work among the Jews. Spoken of by Paul as his own "son in the faith" given important assignments: stay in berea, sent to corinth, sent thessalonica
Greek apparently converted by Paul--in Antioch. Attended the conference at Jerusalem about circumcision. Probably with Paul on the 3rd missionary journey. Sent to Corinth to bring epistles and with instructions about the collection for the poor at Jerusalem. After this, we have no mention of him for 8 years. Remained in Crete and received a letter from the Paul with instructions about his work and a request to come to Nicopolis: the church in Crete needed better organizing, false teachers were troubling the Church.
about how we can become children of Christ. Foreordination (god designated certain individuals to perform missions which the Lord in his wisdom knew they had the talents and capacities to do, premortal assignments) Election (a theological term primarily denoting God's choice of the house of Israel to be the covenant people with privileges and responsibilities, that they might become a means of blessing to the whole world)
Paul wrote this letter to counteract the effect of Judaic and gentile thought, both of which demeaned the preeminent status of Jesus Christ and his mission. Paul affirms that Jesus is the Savior and the only mediator between man and the Father. Only in Jesus does all
fulness of the Father dwell. He alone is able to raise men to the status of godhood. Men ought, therefore, to focus their affections on the things of Jesus Christ.
It is more like a deeply spiritual sermon than a call to repentance. It seems to be directed to members of the church who have maturity and understanding, and therefore it reflects great depth in its concepts. Perhaps its theme could best be summarized as a
concise and beautiful outline of how a person sets aside the things of this world in order to partake of the unity and fellowship of the church. It describes in some of the most doctrinally beautiful passages of the New Testament the ways in which the true saint takes upon himself the powers of godliness so that he may withstand the powers of evil
The purpose of the letter is a plea from Paul to Philemon to accept back into his good graces a former Greek slave, Onesimus, who had run away from his master and gone to Rome, perhaps hoping to get lost in the city throngs. While in Rome, however, Onesimus was somehow brought into contact with Paul. The aging apostle used his influence to induce the younger man to return home and make amends. The trip to Rome was not in vain, however, for Onesimus had joined the church.
Happiest of all of Paul's writings. Salvation is a process. Come what may and love it. This letter depicts Paul's triumphant faith. It shows his total commitment to Jesus Christ. And it is obvious from the letter, as it is so apparent from his other writings, that Paul is diligent in carrying out his commission to preach. In it Paul proclaims this good news of the gospel, the glad tidings of faith and exaltation in and through the Savior Jesus Christ.
Timothy & Titus
knowns as the pastoral epistles, deal mainly with questions related to the internal discipline and organization of the Christian body, and with the ideal of the pastoral office. (first tim. and titus) written after Paul's first imprisonment in Rome. (second tim. only) written during second imprisonment in Rome before his execution in AD 67-68.
Shows how the New covenant was foretold in the Old Covenant. Jesus Christ is the Messiah promised in the Old covenant. how to enter the rest of God. Priesthood. Sons of Perdition. Baptism of fire for the earth. Through suffering we are made perfect
· Quotes more than 30 times from the Septuagint (LXX) and makes an additional 40 allusions to OT scriptures
· Persuades the reader to remain faithful to Christ and not revert to Jewish tradition
· Emphasis on the suffering, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ and what they mean to us
· The word Savior (Greek soteria) appears more times in Hebrews than in any other place in the NT
· The Jews weren't only thinking that Jesus would be a military leader but they thought he would be above mortal suffering. No skinned knees or sickness so Paul emphasizes the suffering the savior went through.
The epistle of James
Most important thing we can do with our faith is live by it.
The epistles of Peter
o encourage people who were in danger of being terrified into the denial of their Lord. To give valuable teachings about atonement and resurrection of Christ. To help them understand their suffering in the Larger context of God's saving purpose
The epistle of Jude
Addressed to people in danger because of other people were professing to be Christians while giving themselves up to the immorality of pagan worship and claiming to be above moral law. Admonishes people to keep close to the faith.
The epistles of John
(First epistle) Written to the entire Church. emphasizes that Jesus came in the flesh. Shows bearing of the Savior on the life of men. Written after the gospel and assumes the reader has a knowledge of the facts in the Gospel records. Contains warning against the dangers that beset a true faith. (Second epistle) written to individuals. closely connected with the first epistle in that it condemns false teaching. written to the "elect lady" who is unknown. writer styles himself the "Elder". (Third epistle) Written to individuals. refers to Gaius, Diotrephes, and demetrius.
know the background
Received when John was banished to the isle of Patmos.Around AD 95 (65?) Roman authorities began to enforce the cult of emperor worship. As true Christians would only worship the Lord and not any Caesar, they faced increased hostility. When Emperor Domitian banished many people and confiscated their property, John was sentenced to the confinement on the desert island of Patmos in the Aegean Sea where he remained at least a year. Angel appears to John to explain what he sees. (Main Purpose) Primary message is that there will be an eventual triumph on the earth of God over the devil, a permanent victory of good over evil. This victory is achieved through Jesus Christ
the seven seals 1
ENOCHwhite horse: "and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him; and he went forth conquering, and to conquer." (stephanos=righteousness)
the seven seals 2
2. NOAH red horse: "and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a great sword."
the seven seals 3
3. JOSEPH OF EGYPTblack horse: "and he that sat on him had a pair of balances in his hand."
the seven seals 4
4. LEHI AND FAMILY LEAVE JERUSALEM, BECAUSE IT IS DESTROYED. TEN TRIBES LOST. pale horse: "and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. and power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger and with death, and with the beasts of the earth."
the seven seals 5
5. JOHN'S ERA. "and when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: and they cried with a loud voice, saying, how long, o Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth? And white robes were given unto them, that they should rest for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled."
the seven seals 6
6. OUR DAY; GREAT EARTHQUAKES; RECOGNIZE THE PROPHECY AS TRUTH- TRY TO HIDE BUT CAN'T. "and I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and , lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood. and the stars of the heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind." heaven departed, "every mountain and island were moved out of their places." "and the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains." "and said to the mountains and rocks, fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb. For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?"
Major theme
GOOD WILL OVERCOME EVIL. Satan will try, but not prevail.