The Supreme Court ruled that a totality of the circumstances test is adequate to determine a valid waiver of rights during an interrogation of a juvenile. The court must look to all circumstances surrounding the interrogation. Some factors to consider are the juvenile's age, education, experience, intelligence, background, and whether the juvenile understands the warnings given and the consequences of waiving those rights. In this case, the juvenile was 16 ½, was currently on probation, had a record of prior offenses, had spent time in a youth corrections camp, was of average intelligence, and there was no coercion used. Therefore, under the totality of the circumstances, the juvenile voluntarily waived his rights and the confession was admitted.