C (concert-pitch) score
A nontransposed score that shows all the parts in the concert key-i.e., all the pitches in the score are the pitches that the instruments sound. Also known as concert-pitch score.
An instrument whose sounding pitch is the same as the notated pitch. Common C instruments include the piano, flute, oboe, bassoon, trombone, tuba, harp, and most of the string family.
The sounding pitch of an instrument. For transposing instruments, this differs from notated pitch.
A chord member or scale degree whose dissonant relation to the surrounding tones requires a particular resolution in common practice style (i.e., chordal sevenths resolve down, and leading tones resolve up).
A score that shows the pitches as notated in the performers' parts (which may be transposed for certain instruments), rather than the sounding pitches.