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145 terms

Medical Terminology Midterm Study Guide

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a-,an-
no, without
aden/o
gland
adip/o
fat
andr/o
pain
ante-
before
anter/o
front
anti-
against
arthr/o
joint
balan/o
glans penis
bi/o
life
-blast
immature
brady-
slow
cardi/o
heart
cata-
down
-cele
hernia
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o
head
cheil/o
lip
-chezia
defecation
cholangi/o
bile vessel
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
chondr/o
cartilage
chrom/o
color
cis/o
to cut
col/o
colon
contra-
against
crani/o
skull
crin/o
to excrete
cry/o
cold
crypt/o
hidden
-cyesis
pregnancy
cyst/o
urinary bladder
cyt/o
cell
-cyte
cell
dactyl/o
fingers, toes
dermat/o
skin
dia-
complete
dips/o
thirst
dors/o
back
-dynia
pain
-ectasis
widening
-ectomy
removal
-emia
blood condition
encephal/o
brain
endo-
within
enter/o
small intestines
epi-
above
erythr/o
red
gastr/o
stomach
-genic
produced by or in
-globin
protein
gloss/o
tongue
glyc/o
sugar
gnos/o
knowledge
-gram
record
-graph
instrument for recording
-graphy
process of recording
gynec/o
women
hemat/o
blood
hemi-
half
hepat/o
liver
hist/o
tissue
hydr/o
water
hyper-
excessive
hypo-
deficient
iatr/o
physician
infra-
below
inguin/o
groin
inter-
between
intra-
within
isch/o
to hold back
-ism
condition
-itis
inflammation
kary/o
nucleus
later/o
side
log/o
study
leuk/o
white
lith/o
stone
-lithiasis
condition of stones
-lithotomy
incision of removal of a stone
-logy
study of
-lysis
breakdown
macro-
large
-malacia
softening
-megaly
enlargement
meta-
change
morph/o
shape, form
mort/o
death
natr/o
sodium
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerves
olig/o
scanty
-oma
tumor
onc/o
tumor
ophthalm/o
eye
-opsy
process of viewing
orch/o
testis
-orexia
appetite
-ose
full of
oste/o
bone
-pathy
disease
-penia
deficiency
peri-
through
-pexy
fixation
-phobia
fear
-phoria
feeling
-plasia
formation
-plasm
formation
-plasty
surgical repair
-pnea
breathing
poly-
many
proct/o
anus and rectum
psych/o
mind
-ptosis
drooping
pyel/o
renal pelvis
radi/o
x-rays
retro-
behind
rhin/o
nose
-rrhage
bursting fourth of blood
sarc/o
flesh
-sclerosis
hardening
-scope
instrument for viewing
seps/o
infection
sialadeno/o
salivary gland
-somes
bodies
somn/o
sleep
-stasis
controlling
steat/o
fat
-stenosis
tightening
stomat/o
mouth
-stomy
incision to form a mouth
sub-
under
tachy-
rapid
terat/o
monster
test/o
testis
-therapy
treatment
-tomy
incision
trans-
through
-tresia
opening
-trophy
development
-type
picture
ur/o
urine
-uria
urination
varic/o
varicose veins
viscer/o
internal organs