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Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8

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Appendicular Skeleton
the part of the skeleton that includes the pectoral girdle and the pelvic girdle and the upper and lower limbs.
- bones of upper & lower extremities
- shoulder & hip girdles
Primary Function of Appendicular Skeleton
Movement
Scapula
either of two flat triangular bones one on each side of the shoulder in human beings, held in place by muclse only slide 2
Hallux
Big Toe
Pollex
Thumb
Flexor Pollicis Lonus
flexes hand and 2nd-5th digits
Clavicle
Subcutaneous bone linking the scapula and sternum
Sternoclavicular Joint
plane joint that lies between the sternal end of each clavicle and the manubrium of the sternum
Acromioclavicular Joint
connects the acromion process & the clavicle, plane joint
Glenohumeral Joint
the articulation point of the humerus and the scapula; aka shoulder joint, ball in socket joint
Ball in Socket Joint
permints movement in all directions and is found in sholders and hips
Frozen Sholder
Rotator Cuff injury that results in decreased range of motion
Rotator Cuff
a supporting structure of the shoulder consisting of the muscles and tendons that attach the arm to the shoulder joint and enable the arm to move
RICE
Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
Sprain
Tear in ligament
Strain
Tear in muscle
*Compartment Syndrome
involves the compression of nerves and blood vessels due to swelling within the enclosed space created by the fascia that separates groups of muscles. Causes ischemia leading to necrosis.
scapular spine
crosses the scapular body before ending at the medial border; divides the convex dorsal surface of the body of the scapula into two regions
Coracoid Process
a protruding projection on the anterior surface just inferior to the lateral aspect of the clavicle
subscapularis muscle
A rotator cuff muscle, originates on subscapular fossa of scapula and inserts on the humerus
*where are fibrocarlagenous joints
pubic, back, head
Brachium
Portion of the arm extending from the shoulder to the elbow
*Where does hemopoesis take place?
Ribs, Vertebrae, & long bone
*axillary nerve damage
will cause person to not be able to abduct arm
*Difference between surgical and anatomical neck
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Deltoid tuberosity
...
Alma coming off of humerous
The most common cause of fracture to elbow
Carpal Tunnel
inflammation of nerve connecting forearm to the palm of the wrist
Treatment For Carpel Tunnel
Splints
*Ischeal Tuberosity
Comes in contact when you sit down
Chephalic pelvic disposision
Big Head, Small Pelvis
Macrocephalic
having an exceptionally large head and brain